pure and applied geophysics

, Volume 65, Issue 1, pp 196–215 | Cite as

Equations for global monsoons and toroidal circulations in the σ-coordinate system

  • M. Sankar Rao


In a coordinate system in which the ground is always a coordinate surface, climatic equations for axially asymmetric and symmetric atmospheric motions are derived. These are compared with their counterparts in the pressure coordinate system. Some qualitative predictions regarding solutions are given.


Coordinate System Atmospheric Motion Coordinate Surface Qualitative Prediction Global Monsoon 
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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag 1966

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Sankar Rao
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Tropical MeteorologyCouncil of Scientific and Industrial Research (India)Poona 5India

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