pure and applied geophysics

, Volume 69, Issue 1, pp 336–359 | Cite as

Meteorological interpretation of infrared pictures of the earth from space

  • V. L. Gayevsky
  • L. N. Guseva
  • K. Ya. Kondratyev
  • Ye. P. Novoseltsev
  • N. Ye. Ter-Markaryantz
  • V. F. Zhvalev
Article
  • 20 Downloads

Summary

This paper considers a number of questions concerning the interpretation of infrared pictures of the earth taken from space. Long period mean statistical values of the contrasts in radiation temperature between the earth's surface and clouds for a number of points in the U.S.S.R. in different seasons have been calculated which makes it possible to conclude when and where clouds against the underlying surface can be detected as well as to formulate the requirements which the instruments mounted on a satellite are to satisfy. The blackness coefficients of clouds at different layers have been theoretically determined, the investigation of the problem of the spectral regions selection for satellite observations has been conducted. The worked out calculation scheme has been used in the solution of the problem of the possibility of satellite detection of such thermal non-homogeneities as sea currents and jet streams in the atmosphere. Examples of the synoptical analysis of the infrared pictures of the cloud cover obtained with the help of the NIMBUS-1 and COSMOS-122 satellites have been considered.

Резюме

В статье рассмотен ряд вопросов, отнсяЩихся к интерпетации инфракрасных изображений земли из космоса. Расснитан среднемноголетние бенличины контрастов между радиационной температерой земли и облакоб для ряда пунктов СССР в различное время года, знание которых позволяет сделатъ вывод о том, когда и где могоут бытъ обнаружены облака на фоне подстилаюЩей поверхности, а также сформулирова ъ требования к аппарапуре, устанавливаемоь на спутниках. Определены теоретически коэффициенты черноты овлаков различных ярусов, проведено исследование вопроса о выборе спсктральных диапазонов для проведения наблюдений с ИСЗ. Разработанная схема расчёта использована для реШения вопроса о возможности опнаружения с ИСЗ таких тепловых неотнородностей, как морские течения, струйные течения в атмосфере. Рассмотрены примеры синоптического анализа инфракрасных изображений облачного пок рова, полученны х при помощи ИСЗ НИМБУС-1 и КОСМОС-122.

Keywords

Radiation Atmosphere Spectral Region Cloud Cover Satellite Observation 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [1]
    K. Ya. Kondratyev andN. E. Ter-Markaryantz,On the possibility of cloud detection of the nocturnal side of the earth from outgoing thermal radiation measurement data in the atmospheric transparency window, Trudy GGO, No. 170 (1965).Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Ye. P. Novoseltsev,On the degree of blackness of upper and middle layer clouds, Trudy GGO, No. 196 (1966).Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    L. V. Muravyeva, andN. E. Ter-Markaryantz,On the possibility of cloud tracking on the nocturnal side of the earth from meteorological satellites, Trudy GGO, No. 196 (1966).Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    K. Ya. Kondratyev N. E. Ter-Markaryantz andV. F. Zhvalev,On the calculation of the outgoing radiation spectral values and contrasts in radiation temperature of the underlying surface and clouds in connexion with the satellite cloud detection problem, Trudy GGO, No. 203 (1967).Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    V. D. Stepanenko,Radar in meteorology, Gidrometeoizdat (1966).Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    A. G. Nikolayev andS. V. Nertsov,Thermal radar. Passive radar, Sovetskoye radio (1964).Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    K. Ya. Kondratyev,Meteorological satellites, Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad (1963).Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    Kh. P. Pogosyan,Jet streams in the atmosphere, Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad (1960).Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    K. Ya. Kondratyev,Meteorological investigations by rockets and satellites, Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad (1962).Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    Ch. I. Villmann,Some aspects of the noctilucent cloud investigation, Meteorological investigations, Noctilucent clouds, No. 12, Section 2 (Nauka, Moscow 1966).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag 1968

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. L. Gayevsky
  • L. N. Guseva
  • K. Ya. Kondratyev
  • Ye. P. Novoseltsev
  • N. Ye. Ter-Markaryantz
  • V. F. Zhvalev
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Atmospheric PhysicsState University of LeningradLeningradUSSR

Personalised recommendations