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pure and applied geophysics

, Volume 115, Issue 5–6, pp 1383–1412 | Cite as

Mid-tropospheric cyclones of the summer monsoon

  • Frederick H. Carr
Article

Abstract

Mid-tropospheric cyclones are often observed on daily and monthly mean maps over southern Asia during the summer southwest monsson season. Although they are important activators of monsoon rains over certain regions, only a few observational studies are available, and even fewer theoretical and numerical studies have been performed. This article attempts to summarize the present observational knowledge about mid-tropospheric cyclones and reviews current ideas on the formation, maintenance and dissipation of these systems. A recent numerical simulation of a mid-tropospheric cyclone is described. In general, latent heat release plays the dominant role in the dynamics of the cyclone. Much is still to be learned about mid-tropospheric cyclones and several promising areas of future research are suggested.

Key words

Mid-Tropospheric cyclones monsoon 

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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frederick H. Carr
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Atmospheric ScienceState University of New York at AlbanyAlbanyUSA

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