The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review

, Volume 3, Issue 3–4, pp 201–256 | Cite as

Thep-nuclei: abundances and origins

  • David L. Lambert


The review discusses the solar system (meteoritic) abundances and the possible modes of nucleosynthesis of the 30-oddp-nuclei from74Se to196Hg. In addition to a discussion of the abundances for bulk meteorites, isotopic anomalies related to thep-nuclei are discussed; e.g., the Xe-HL associated with the ‘interstellar’ diamonds and the extinct radionuclides146Sm and92Nb. Various proposed schemes of synthesizingp-nuclei are reviewed. It is noted that the 7-process (i.e., photoerosion) operating in SN Ia (exploding C-O white dwarfs) appears capable of accounting for the relative and absolute abundances of all but one or two of the rarest ofp-nuclei. Synthesis of these latter nuclei is also discussed.


Solar System Absolute Abundance Isotopic Anomaly Bulk Meteorite 
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© Springer-Verlag 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • David L. Lambert
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AstromonyUniversity of TexasAustinUSA

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