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The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review

, Volume 3, Issue 3–4, pp 201–256 | Cite as

Thep-nuclei: abundances and origins

  • David L. Lambert
Article

Summary

The review discusses the solar system (meteoritic) abundances and the possible modes of nucleosynthesis of the 30-oddp-nuclei from74Se to196Hg. In addition to a discussion of the abundances for bulk meteorites, isotopic anomalies related to thep-nuclei are discussed; e.g., the Xe-HL associated with the ‘interstellar’ diamonds and the extinct radionuclides146Sm and92Nb. Various proposed schemes of synthesizingp-nuclei are reviewed. It is noted that the 7-process (i.e., photoerosion) operating in SN Ia (exploding C-O white dwarfs) appears capable of accounting for the relative and absolute abundances of all but one or two of the rarest ofp-nuclei. Synthesis of these latter nuclei is also discussed.

Keywords

Solar System Absolute Abundance Isotopic Anomaly Bulk Meteorite 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer-Verlag 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • David L. Lambert
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AstromonyUniversity of TexasAustinUSA

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