Water Resources Management

, Volume 6, Issue 4, pp 249–277 | Cite as

On regional drought estimation and analysis

  • G. Rossi
  • M. Benedini
  • G. Tsakiris
  • S. Giakoumakis
Review Article


The main objective of this paper is to review the existing methodologies for the estimation and analysis of regional drought. As a first step, point drought methods are presented. Further emphasis is given to the definition and estimation of regional drought characteristics. Stochastic processes for simulating the time-space variability of drought, are presented. Finally, illustrative examples are shown and recommendations for further research are given.

Key words

Point drought regional drought stochastic models deficit area low-flow analysis 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Ben-Zvi, A., 1987, Indices of hydrological drought in Israel,J. Hydrology, No. 92.Google Scholar
  2. Beran, M. A. and Rodier, J. A., 1985,Hydrological Aspects of Drought, Studies and Reports in Hydrology, No. 39. UNESCO-WMO, Paris.Google Scholar
  3. Blumenstock, G, 1942, Drought in the United States analyzed by means of the theory of probability, Technical Bulletin No. 819, U.S. Department of Agriculture.Google Scholar
  4. Campbell, D., 1968,Droughts, Causes, Effects, Solutions. F. W. Cheshire, Melbourne, Australia.Google Scholar
  5. Cavazza, S. and Vannella, S., 1968, Evaluation of drought periods by computer analysis. An application in Southern Italy,Proc. Sympos. of Tucson, Vol. II, IASH Publication No. 81.Google Scholar
  6. Correia, F., Santos M. A., and Rodrigues, R. R., 1987, Engineering risk in regional drought studies, in L. Duckstein and E. Plate (eds),Engineering Reliability and Risk in Water Resources, Martinus Nijhoff, Dordrecht.Google Scholar
  7. Correia, F. N., Santos M. A., and Rodrigues, R. R., 1991, Reliability in regional drought studies, in J. Ganoulis (ed),Water Resources Engineering Risk Assessment, Springer-Verlag, New York, pp. 63–72.Google Scholar
  8. Doornkamp, J. C. and Gregory, K. J., 1980.Atlas of Drought in Britain 1975–76, Institute of British Geographers, London.Google Scholar
  9. Dracup, J. and Kendall, D., 1991, Risk and reliability in predicting droughts: The use of prehistoric tree-ring data, in J. Ganoulis (ed),Water Resources Engineering Risk Assessment, Springer-Verlag, New York, pp. 435–458.Google Scholar
  10. Eredia, F., 1922,La siccita del 1921. Servizio Idrografico Centrale, Rome.Google Scholar
  11. French, R. J., 1983, Managing environmental aspects of agricultural droughts: Australian experience, in V. Yevjevich, L. Da Cunha and E. Vlachos (eds),Coping with Droughts, Water Resources Publication, Littleton, Colorado.Google Scholar
  12. Fugazza, M., and Moisello, U., 1978, Portate di magra del fiume Po,L'Energia elettrica, n. 7/8.Google Scholar
  13. Glantz, M. H. (ed), 1966,The Policy of National Disaster: the Case of the Sahel Drought, Praeger, New York.Google Scholar
  14. Grigg, N. and Vlachos, E., 1989, Drought water management, Report, Nat. Science Foundation, Colorado State University.Google Scholar
  15. Guerrero-Salazar, R. and Yevievich, V., 1975, Analysis of drought characteristics by the theory of runs, Hydrology Paper No. 80, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado.Google Scholar
  16. Gumbel, E. J., 1958, Statistical theory of flood and drought,J. Inst. Water Engineers 12, No. 3.Google Scholar
  17. Gumbel, E. J., 1963, Statistical forecast of drought,Bulletin IASH.8, No. 1.Google Scholar
  18. Hershfield, D. M., 1970, Generalizing dry-day frequency data,Amer. Water Works Assoc. J. 62, No. 1.Google Scholar
  19. Huff, F. A. and Changon, S. A., 1960, Drought characteristics in a continental humid region,Proc. General Assembly of Helsinki, IASH Publication No. 51.Google Scholar
  20. Institute of Hydrology, 1979,Low-Flow Studies Report, Wallingford, U.K.Google Scholar
  21. Joseph, E. S., 1970, Probability distribution of annual droughts,J. Irrigation and Drainage Division, ASCE,96, No. IR4.Google Scholar
  22. Matalas, N. C., 1974, Probability distribution of low-flows, Professional paper 434 A, U.S. Geological Survey, Washington.Google Scholar
  23. O'Connor, D. J., 1964, Comparison of probability distributions in the analysis of drought flow,Water and Sewage Works, Vol. 4.Google Scholar
  24. Palmer, W. C., 1965, Meteorologic drought, U.S. Weather Bureau, Research Paper No. 45.Google Scholar
  25. Paulson, E. G., Sadeghipour, J., and Dracup, J. A. 1985, Regional frequency analysis of multiyear droughts using watershed and climatic information,J. Hydrology 77, No. 1/4.Google Scholar
  26. Roesner, L. A. and Yevjevich, V., 1966, Mathematical models for time series of monthly precipitation and monthly runoff, Hydrology Paper No. 15, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado.Google Scholar
  27. Rosenberg, N. J. (ed), 1980,Drought in the Great Plains, Research on Impact and Stategies, Water Resources Publications, Fort Collins, Colorado.Google Scholar
  28. Rosenberg, N. J. and Whilite D. A., 1983, Drought in the U.S. Plains, in V. Yevjevich, L. Da Cunha and E. Vlachos (eds),Coping with Droughts, Water Resources Publications, Fort Collins, Colorado.Google Scholar
  29. Rossi, G., 1974, Applicazione die metodi di analisi delle strutture delle serie temporali alle precipitazione mensili di una regione,Atti del XIV Convegno di Idraulica e Costruzioni idrauliche, Naples.Google Scholar
  30. Rossi, G., 1979, Characteristics of drought over a region and shortage control strategies,Proc. 18th I.A.H.R. Congress, Cagliari, Vol. 2.Google Scholar
  31. Rossi, G., 1980. Analisi delle siccità su una regione, inPiene e siccità (a cura di E. Guggino, G. Rossi e E. Todini), Clup, Milan.Google Scholar
  32. Rossi, G., 1983, Drought of Sicily, in V. Yevjevich, L. Da Cunha and E. Vlachos (eds),Coping with Droughts, Water Resources Publications, Littleton, Colorado.Google Scholar
  33. Rossi, G., 1989, On the identification of regional droughts,Excerpta 3.Google Scholar
  34. Russel, C. S.et al. 1970,Drought and Water Supply; Implications of the Massachusetts Experiences for Municipal Planning, Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore, Maryland.Google Scholar
  35. Sancho, J. and Perez-Gavilan, D., 1981, A perspective study of droughts in Mexico,J. Hydrology 51, No. 1/4.Google Scholar
  36. Santos, M. A., 1983, — Regional droughts: a stochastic characterizations,J. Hydrology 66, 183–211.Google Scholar
  37. Sen, Z., 1980, Regional drought and flood frequency analysis: Theoretical considerations,J. Hydrology 46, No. 3/4.Google Scholar
  38. Siccardi, F. and Bras, R. L. (eds), 1989,Natural Disasters in European Mediterranean Countries, NRC Group for Prevention from Hydrogeological Disasters, Genoa.Google Scholar
  39. Tannehill, I. R., 1947,Drought: Its Causes and Effects, Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.Google Scholar
  40. Tardieu, H. and Plus, B., 1989, Après la sécheresse des années 1984–87 dans le bassin de la Garonne (France),La Houille Blanche No. 7–8.Google Scholar
  41. Tase, N., 1976, Area-deficit intensity characteristics of drought, Hydrology Paper No. 87, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado.Google Scholar
  42. Tase, N. and Yevjevich, V., 1978, Effects of size and shape of a region on drought coverage,Hydrological Sci. Bull. No. 23.Google Scholar
  43. Tsakiris, G., Rossi, G., Benedini, M., Baloutsos, G., Kaimaki, P., Giakoumakis, S., Mingola, G.et al., 1992, Drought effects on vegetation and soil degradation in Mediterranean countries, EPOC-CT90-0028. Progress report, April 1992.Google Scholar
  44. Urbistondo, R. and Bays, L. (eds), 1987, Drought and famine,Water Supply 5, No. 1.Google Scholar
  45. Van Bavel, C.H.M., 1953, A drought criterion and its applications in evaluating drought incidents and Hazard,Agronomy J. 45, No. 4.Google Scholar
  46. Warrick, R. A., 1975,Drought Hazard in the United States: A Research Assessment, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Virginia.Google Scholar
  47. Wilhite, D., Easterling, W., and Wood, D. (eds), 1987,Planning for Drought: Toward a Reduction of Societal Vulnerability; Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado.Google Scholar
  48. Yevjevich, V., 1967, An objective approach to definitions and investigations of continental hydrologic drought, Hydrology Paper No. 23, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado.Google Scholar
  49. Yevjevich, V. and Karplus, A. K., 1973, Area-time structure of the monthly precipitation process, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, Hydrology Paper No. 64.Google Scholar
  50. Yevjevich, V., Hall, J. D., and Salas, W. (eds), 1978.Drought Research Needs, Water Resources Publications, Littleton, Colorado.Google Scholar
  51. Yevjevich, V., Da Cunha, L., and Vlachos E. (eds), 1983,Coping with Droughts, Water Resources Publications, Littleton, Colorado.Google Scholar
  52. Zanovello, A., 1964, Sugli eventi estremi di magra dei corsi di acqua con applicazioni al fiume Bacchiglione,L'Energia Elettrica 8.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Rossi
    • 1
  • M. Benedini
    • 2
  • G. Tsakiris
    • 3
  • S. Giakoumakis
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Hydraulics, Hydrology and Water ManagementUniversity of CataniaItaly
  2. 2.IRSA-CNRRomeItaly
  3. 3.Department of Rural and Surveying EngineeringNational Technical University of AthensGreece

Personalised recommendations