Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 14, Issue 8, pp 695–701 | Cite as

Socialization of business practitioners: learning to reflect on current business practices

  • Michael W. Small
  • Joy L. Cullen
Research On Business And Public Sector Ethics: An Australasian Perspective

Abstract

An approach to ethical coursework in business schools which draws upon Schon's concept of the ‘reflective practitioner’ is described. It is argued that an approach which promotes reflective practice guards against the dualism in models of ethical decision making which oppose philosophical and psychological perspectives. Workshop activities which can be used to facilitate students' ability to reflect on ethical situations are discussed. In particular, the critical incident technique encourages students to analyse strategies they have used to cope with ethical dilemmas in terms of their previous or contemporary experiences and value systems, and to examine these on the basis of philosophical principles.

Keywords

Decision Making Economic Growth Business School Ethical Decision Ethical Dilemma 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Blake, R. B. and D. A. Carroll: 1989, ‘Ethical Reasoning in Business’,Training and Development Journal 43(6), 99–104.Google Scholar
  2. Boud, D. and G. Feletti (eds.): 1991,The Challenge of Problem-based Learning (Kogan Page, London).Google Scholar
  3. Boud, D., R. Keogh and D. Walker (eds.): 1985,Reflection: Turning Experience Into Learning (Kogan Page, London).Google Scholar
  4. Bunning, C.: 1992, ‘Turning Experience into Learning: The Strategic Challenge for Individual and Organizations’,Journal of European Industrial Training 16(6), 7–12.Google Scholar
  5. Cullen, J.: 1991, ‘Developing Reflective Teaching Skills’, Proceedings of the 19th National Conference of the Australian Early Childhood Association, Adelaide, University of Adelaide Printing Dept.Google Scholar
  6. Dixon, N. M.: 1990, ‘Action Learning Action Science and Learning New Skill’,Industrial and Commercial Training 22(4), 10–16.Google Scholar
  7. Flanagan, J. C.: 1954, ‘The Critical Incident Technique’,Psychological Bulletin 51(4), 327–358.Google Scholar
  8. Housego, B. E. J.: 1987, ‘Critical Incidents in the Supervision of Student Teaching in an Extended Practicum’,Alberta Journal of Educational Research 33, 247–259.Google Scholar
  9. Kolb, D. A., I. M. Rubin and J. M. McIntyre: 1971,Organizational Psychology: An Experiential Approach (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs).Google Scholar
  10. Kraft, K. L. and A. Singhapakdi: 1991, ‘The Role of Ethics and Social Responsibility in Achieving Organizational Effectiveness: Students Versus Managers’,Journal of Business Ethics 10, 679–686.Google Scholar
  11. Marsick, V. J., L. Cederholm, E. Turner and T. Pearson: 1992, ‘Action-Reflection Learning’,Training and Development 46(8), 63–66.Google Scholar
  12. Marsick, V. J. and K. E. Watkins: 1992, ‘Continuous Learning in the Workplace’,Adult Learning 3(4), 9–12.Google Scholar
  13. Nelson, R.: 1992, ‘Training on Ethics: Cummins Engine Company’,Journal of Management Development 11(4), 21–33.Google Scholar
  14. Papell, C. P. and L. Skolnick: 1992, ‘The Reflective Practitioner: A Contemporary Paradigm's Relevance for Social Work Education’,Journal of Social Work Education 28(1), 18–26.Google Scholar
  15. Robinson, G. S. and C. W. Wick: 1992, ‘Executive Development that Makes a Business Difference’,Human Resource Planning 15(1), 67–76.Google Scholar
  16. Rose, A. D.: 1992, ‘Framing Our Experience: Research Notes on Reflective Practice’,Adult Learning 3(4), 5.Google Scholar
  17. Schon, D. A.: 1983,The Reflective Practitioner: How Professionals Think in Action (Basic Books, New York).Google Scholar
  18. Schon, D. A.: 1987,Educating the Reflective Practitioner (Jossey-Bass, San Francisco).Google Scholar
  19. Sims, R. R. and S. J. Sims: 1991, ‘Increasing Applied Business Ethics Courses in Business School Curricula’,Journal of Business Ethics 10(3), 211–219.Google Scholar
  20. Small, M. W. (ed.): 1992, Proceedings of the Inaugural Series of Lectures in Business Ethics No. 1, Curtin Business School in Association with the Institute of Chartered Accountants (Western Australian Branch), 32–33.Google Scholar
  21. Stark, A.: 1993, ‘What's the Matter with Business Ethics?’,Harvard Business Review, May–June, 38–48.Google Scholar
  22. Williams, G. J.: 1990, ‘More on Ethical Reasoning in Business’,Training and Development Journal 44(1), 47–49.Google Scholar
  23. Zeichner, K. M.: 1982, ‘Reflective Teaching and Field-Based Experience in Teacher education’,Interchange 12(4), 1–22.Google Scholar
  24. Zeichner, K. M. and D. P. Liston: 1987, ‘Teaching Students to Reflect’,Harvard Educational Review 57(1), 23–48.Google Scholar
  25. Zinkham, G. M., M. Bisesi and M. J. Saxton: 1989, ‘MBA As Changing Attitudes Toward Marketing Dilemmas’,Journal of Business Ethics 8, 963–974.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael W. Small
    • 1
  • Joy L. Cullen
    • 1
  1. 1.Curtin Business School (Management)BentleyAustralia

Personalised recommendations