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Biology and Philosophy

, Volume 8, Issue 1, pp 93–94 | Cite as

Proximate and ultimate causations

  • Ernst Mayr
Discussions

Keywords

Ultimate Causation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Bock, W., and G. von Wahlert: 1969, ‘Adaptation and the form-function complex’, Evolution19, 269–299.Google Scholar
  2. Francis, Richard C.: 1990, ‘Causes, proximate and ultimate’, Biology and Philosophy5, 401–415.Google Scholar
  3. Mayr, Ernst: 1961, ‘Cause and effect in biology’, Science134, 1501–1506.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Mayr, Ernst: 1976, ‘Cause and effect in biology’, pp. 359–371, in E. Mayr, Evolution and the Diversity of Life, Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Mayr, Ernst: 1992, ‘The idea of teleology’, J. Hist. Ideas53(1), 117–135.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ernst Mayr
    • 1
  1. 1.Museum of Comparative ZoologyHarvard UniversityCambridgeUSA

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