Biology and Philosophy

, Volume 8, Issue 1, pp 93–94

Proximate and ultimate causations

  • Ernst Mayr
Discussions

References

  1. Bock, W., and G. von Wahlert: 1969, ‘Adaptation and the form-function complex’, Evolution19, 269–299.Google Scholar
  2. Francis, Richard C.: 1990, ‘Causes, proximate and ultimate’, Biology and Philosophy5, 401–415.Google Scholar
  3. Mayr, Ernst: 1961, ‘Cause and effect in biology’, Science134, 1501–1506.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Mayr, Ernst: 1976, ‘Cause and effect in biology’, pp. 359–371, in E. Mayr, Evolution and the Diversity of Life, Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Mayr, Ernst: 1992, ‘The idea of teleology’, J. Hist. Ideas53(1), 117–135.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ernst Mayr
    • 1
  1. 1.Museum of Comparative ZoologyHarvard UniversityCambridgeUSA

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