Advertisement

Pediatric Nephrology

, Volume 8, Issue 1, pp 103–106 | Cite as

Hemodialysis in infants and small children

  • Raymond A. Donckerwolcke
  • Timothy E. Bunchman
Practical Pediatric Nephrology

Abstract

Hemodialysis in infants and small children requires specialized nursing staff, equipment and adequate access. The techniques, requirements and available equipment for this population are discussed.

Key words

Hemodialysis Heparin Ultrafiltration Extracorporeal circuit 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Mauer SM, Lynch RE (1976) Haemodialysis techniques for infants and children. Pediatr Clin North Am 23:843–856PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ahola T, Bjorkman H, Makela P (1972) The low weight groups and haemodialysis. Acta Paediatr Scand 61:1–6PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ehrich JHH, Rizzoni G, Brunner FP, Fassbinder W, Geerlings W, Mallick NP, Raine AEG, Selwood NH, Tufveson G (1992) Renal replacement therapy for end stage renal failure before 2 years of age. Nephrol Dial Transplant 7:1171–1177PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    United States Renal Data System 1991 Annual Data Report. VIII. (ESRD) in children 1991. Am J Kidney Dis 18:S2: 79–88Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Rutledge SL, Havens PL, Haymond MW, McLean RH, Kan JS, Brusilow SW (1990) Neonatal hemodialysis: effective therapy for the encephalopathy of inborn errors of metabolism. J Pediatr 116: 125–128PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Mahan JD, Mauer SM, Nevins TE (1983) The Hickman catheter. A new haemodialysis access device for infants and small children. Kidney Int 24:694–697PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Pillion G, Maisin A, Macher MA, Bourquelot P, Loirat C (1988) Hickman catheter for HD in paediatric patients. Pediatr Nephrol 2: 318–319PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Vries PMJM de, Olthof CG, Solf A, Schuenemann B, Oe PL, Quellhorst E, Schneider H, Donker AJM (1991). Fluid balance during HD and hemofiltration: the effect of dialysate sodium and a variable ultrafiltration rate. Nephol Dial Transplant 4:257–263Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Leunissen KML, Hooff JP van (1988) Acetate or bicarbonate for haemodialysis. Nephrol Dial Transplant 3:1–7PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Leroy D, Dechaux D, Guest G, Broyer M, Sachs C (1985) Extracellular volume and blood pressure in 82 haemodialysed children. Proc Eur Dial Transplant Assoc 22:847–850Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Swamy AP, Cestero RVM (1979) Mannitol and maintenance HD. Artif Organs 3:116–118PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kouw PM, Olthof CG, Gruteke P, Vries PMJM de, Meijer JH, Oe PL, Schneider H, Donker AJM (1991) Influence of high and low sodium dialysis on blood volume preservation 6:876–880Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Rosa AA, Shideman J, McHugh R, Duncan D, Kjellstrand CM (1981) The importance of osmolality fall and ultrafiltration rate on hemodialysis side effects: influence of intravenous mannitol. Nephron 27:134–141PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Geary DF, Gajaria M, Fryer-Keeze S, Willemsen J (1991) Low dose and heparin free hemodialysis in children. Pediatr Nephrol 5: 220–224PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© IPNA 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raymond A. Donckerwolcke
    • 1
  • Timothy E. Bunchman
    • 2
  1. 1.Wilhelmina Children's HospitalUtrechtThe Netherlands
  2. 2.C. S. Mott Children's HospitalThe University of Michigan Medical CenterAnn ArborUSA

Personalised recommendations