Pediatric Nephrology

, Volume 5, Issue 3, pp 339–347 | Cite as

Surgical aspects of urolithiasis in children

  • Hamada El-Damanhoury
  • Rainer Bürger
  • Rudolf Hohenfellner
Practical Pediatric Nephrology

Abstract

Operative management of renal calculi has changed radically in the last decade. New operative techniques. the use of intra-operative ultrasound and Doppler sonography have even made possible the removal of complete staghorn calculi in short and kidney-preserving procedures. The introduction of percutaneous nephrolithotomy and stone extraction using a specially designed ureteroscope and, above all, the clinical application of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy have made stone surgery less invasive and have provided a higher rate of preservation of kidney function.

Key words

Urolithiasis Surgery Endourology Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy Chemolysis 

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Copyright information

© IPNA 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hamada El-Damanhoury
    • 1
  • Rainer Bürger
    • 1
  • Rudolf Hohenfellner
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of UrologyJohannes Gutenberg University, Medical SchoolMainzFederal Republic of Germany

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