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Theoretical and Applied Climatology

, Volume 43, Issue 3, pp 159–160 | Cite as

Connections between the U.S. national temperature, the 10.7 cm solar flux and the equatorial QBO

  • C. A. Varotsos
  • D. G. Deligiorgi
Note

Summary

A comparison of the solar flux in January and February with the United States national temperature does not show any evident connection during the period 1952–1987. However, when the data are separated according to the east or west phase of the quasi-biennal oscillation (QBO) in the equatorial stratosphere the following phenomenon is found. When the QBO was in its west phase the U.S. national temperature is negatively correlated with the solar flux cycle; the opposite holds true for the east phase of the QBO.

Keywords

Climate Change Waste Water United States Water Management Water Pollution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Labitzke, K., Chanin, M. L., 1988: Changes in the middle atmosphere related to the 11 year solar cycle.Annals Geophys. 6, 634–644.Google Scholar
  2. Labitzke, K., van Loon, H., 1988: Associations between the 11-year solar cycle, the QBO, and the atmosphere. Part 1: The troposphere and stratosphere on the Northern Hemisphere in winter.J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. (in press)Google Scholar
  3. Van Loon, H., Labitzke, K., 1988: Association between the 11-year solar cycle, the QBO, and the atmosphere. Part 2: Surface and 700 mb on the Northern Hemisphere in winter.J. Climate (in press).Google Scholar
  4. Varotsos, C., 1989: Comments on the connections between the 11-year solar cycle, the QBO and the total ozone.J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 51, 367–70.Google Scholar
  5. WMO, 1989 a: Climate System Monitoring (CSM) Monthly Bulletin. Issue No. 1 — 1989, January.Google Scholar
  6. WMO, 1989 b: Climate System Monitoring (CSM) Monthly Bulletin. Issue No. 2 — 1989, February.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. A. Varotsos
    • 1
  • D. G. Deligiorgi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Meteorology, Division of Applied PhysicsUniversity of AthensAthensGreece

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