Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 14, Issue 6, pp 567–580 | Cite as

Type A behavior and marital interaction: Hostile-dominant responses during conflict

  • Jill D. Sanders
  • Timothy W. Smith
  • James F. Alexander


Previous research has indicated that the risk conferred by men's Type A versus B behavior depends, in part, on the personality characteristics of their spouses. In the present study of 60 married couples, we found that couples consisting of two Structured Interview-defined Type A's showed a larger increase in hostile/dominant behavior during discussions of marital conflicts than did couples consisting of two Type B's or a Type A husband and a Type B wife. Couples consisting of a Type B husband and a Type A wife displayed an intermediate level of hostile dominance. These results are consistent with previous speculations about interpersonal dynamics in Type A behavior and interaction patterns which might underlie spouse effects on Type A behavior and coronary risk.

Key words

Type A behavior marital interaction marital satisfaction 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jill D. Sanders
    • 1
  • Timothy W. Smith
    • 1
  • James F. Alexander
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of UtahSalt Lake City

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