Pediatric Nephrology

, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp 470–473 | Cite as

Azathioprine-induced pulmonary haemorrhage in a child after renal transplantation

  • Luc Refabert
  • Patrick Sinnassamy
  • Bruno Leroy
  • Brigitte Fauroux
  • Jacques de Blic
  • Albert Bensman
Original Article


We report a case of azathioprine-induced haemorrhagic alveolitis, in a 14-year-old boy, after renal transplantation. On day 25 the patient developed haemoptysis, fever and hypoxaemia. Chest X-ray showed diffuse reticulo-nodular shadows in both lung fields. Bronchoalveolar lavage samples were haemorrhagic and demonstrated a relative neutrophilia and a mild lymphocytosis, with a normal CD4/CD8 ratio. Azathioprine was discontinued on day 26. The patient required mechanical ventilation for 4 days. A positive leucocyte migration inhibition test and the recurrence of the symptoms after a second short course of azathioprine therapy suggested a cell-mediated mechanism. This patient is, to our knowledge, the first child to suffer from azathioprine-induced pulmonary haemorrhage.

Key words

Azathioprine Pulmonary haemorrhage Renal transplant 


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Copyright information

© IPNA 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luc Refabert
    • 1
  • Patrick Sinnassamy
    • 1
  • Bruno Leroy
    • 1
  • Brigitte Fauroux
    • 2
  • Jacques de Blic
    • 3
  • Albert Bensman
    • 1
  1. 1.Service de NéphrologieHôpital d'Enfants Armand TrousseauParisFrance
  2. 2.Service de Pneumologie PédiatriqueHôpital d'Enfants Armand TrousseauParisFrance
  3. 3.Service de Pneumologie et d'Allergologie PédiatriquesHôpital Necker-Enfants MaladesParisFrance

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