Theoretical and Applied Climatology

, Volume 54, Issue 3–4, pp 201–211 | Cite as

Diagnosing the diurnal surface energy balance over the summer tundra at Princess Marie Bay from simple short-period measurements

  • K. Szilder
  • G. H. R. Henry
  • E. P. Lozowski
  • C. Labine
Article

Summary

Using existing physical parameterizations, a new mathematical model is formulated to diagnose the diurnal variation of the energy fluxes and temperature on the snow-free tundra surface at Princess Marie Bay, Ellesmere Island, Canada. The input to the model consists of three meteorological variables which can be readily measured by an automatic weather station: incoming short-wave radiation, windspeed and screen level temperature. The model is based on the one-dimensional heat conduction equation for unfrozen soil, with surface heat exchange by short- and long-wave radiation and by convection and evaporation. A permafrost surface is used as a lower boundary condition. The model is formulated and tuned using a series of data from the Princess Marie Bay site. It is then tested using a separate data set from the same site and an independent data set from a nearby site.

Keywords

Heat Exchange Heat Conduction Equation Automatic Weather Station Surface Energy Balance Lower Boundary Condition 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Budyko, M. I., 1974:Climate and Life. New York; Academic Press.Google Scholar
  2. Brutsaert, W., 1982:Evaporation into the Atmosphere: Theory, History and Applications. Dordrecht: D. Reidel.Google Scholar
  3. Desrosiers, J., 1991:Growth Response Patterns of Saxifraga oppositifolia L. along a soil Moisture Gradient in the Canadian High Arctic. Unpublished M.Sc. thesis, University of Alberta, Edmonton, 120p.Google Scholar
  4. Gjessing, Y. T., Ovstedal, D. O., 1975: Energy budget and ecology of two vegetation types in Svalbard.J. Arctic Ecology 8 (2), 83–92.Google Scholar
  5. Idso, S. B., Jackson, R. D., 1969: Thermal radiation from the atmosphere.J. Geophys. Res. 74 (23), 5397–5403.Google Scholar
  6. Lewis, M. C., Callaghan, T. V., 1976: Tundra. In: Monteith, J. L., (eds.)Vegetation and the Atmosphere, vol. 2. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  7. Liou, K.-N., 1980:An Introduction to Atmospheric Radiation. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  8. List, R. J., 1963:Smithsonian Meteorological Tables 6th edn. Washington: Smithsonian Institution.Google Scholar
  9. Ohmura, A., 1982: Climate and energy balance on the arctic tundra.J. Climatology 2, 65–84.Google Scholar
  10. Ohmura, A., 1984: On the cause of ‘Fram’ type seasonal change in diurnal amplitude of air temperature in polar regions.J. Climatology 4, 325–338.Google Scholar
  11. Oke, T. R., 1978:Boundary Layer Climates. London, New York: Methuen.Google Scholar
  12. Serreze, M. C., Bradley, R. S., 1987: Radiation and cloud observations on a high arctic plateau ice cap.J. Glaciology 33 (114), 162–168.Google Scholar
  13. Weller, G., Bowling, S. A., 1973: Climate of the Arctic.Twenty-Fourth Alaska Science Conference, Fairbanks, Alaska. Published by the Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska.Google Scholar
  14. Weller, G., Holmgren, B., 1975: The microclimates of the arctic tundra.J. Appl. Meteorol. 13, 854–862.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Szilder
    • 1
  • G. H. R. Henry
    • 2
  • E. P. Lozowski
    • 1
  • C. Labine
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Earth and Atmospheric SciencesUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada
  2. 2.Department of GeographyUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  3. 3.Campbell Scientific Canada Corp.EdmontonCanada

Personalised recommendations