Theoretical and Applied Climatology

, Volume 54, Issue 3–4, pp 117–123 | Cite as

Relationship between North Pacific atmospheric pressure variations and Indian Monsoon rainfall

  • D. Singh
  • C. V. V. Bhadram
  • S. Goyal
  • G. S. Mandal


Analysis of mean sea level pressure (1925 to 1988) over the North Pacific Ocean (NPP) for the winter period (November to March) revealed a significant correlation with Indian Monsoon rainfall during the later period. Its correlation coefficients (CC) for different periods (during 1951–1988) are significant at the 1% to 5% levels. The temporal stability of these CCs is examined using 11, 21 and 31 year sliding windows. NPP is seen to play an important role in the regression models as revealed by the relative significance of its partial regression coefficients. The regression models developed are seen to perform well for the independent period.


Climate Change Waste Water Regression Model Water Management Water Pollution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bhalme, H. N., Rahalkar, S. S., Sikder, A. B., 1987: Tropical quasi-biennial Oscillation of 10 mb wind and Indian monsoon rainfall — implication for forecastingJ. Climatol. 7, 345–353.Google Scholar
  2. Bjerknes, J., 1966: A possible response of the atmospheric Hadley circulation to anomalies of ocean temperature.Tellus 18, 820–829.Google Scholar
  3. Bottomley, M., Folland, C. F., Hsiung, J., Newell, R. E., Parker, D. E., 1990:Global Ocean Surface Temperature atlas. Bracknell, U.K.: Meteorological Office.Google Scholar
  4. Dhanna Singh., Bhadram, C. V. V., Mandal, G. S., 1995: New regression model for Indian summer monsoon rainfall.Meteorol. Atmos. Phys. 55, 77–86.Google Scholar
  5. Dickson, R. R., Livezey, R. E., 1984: On the contribution of major warming episodes in the tropical east Pacific to a useful prognostic relationship based on the Southern Oscillation.J. Climatol. Appl. Meteor. 23, 194–200.Google Scholar
  6. Douglas, A. V., Cayan, D. R., Namias, J., 1982: Large scale changes in north Pacific and north American Weather pattern in recent decades.Mon. Wea. Rev. 112, 1851–1862.Google Scholar
  7. Gowarikar, V., Thapliyal, V., Sarker, R. P., Mandal, G. S., Sikka, D. R., 1989: Parametric and power regression models: New Approach to long range forecasting of monsoon rainfall in India.Mausam 40, 115–122.Google Scholar
  8. Gowarikar, V., Thapliyal, V., Kulshrestha, S. M., Mandal, G. S., Sen Roy, N., Sikka, D. R., 1991: A power regression model for long range forecast of southwest monsoon rainfall over India.Mausam 42, 125–130.Google Scholar
  9. Hastenrath, S., Greischar, L., 1993: Changing predictability of Indian monsoon rainfall anomalies?Proc. Ind. Acad. Sci. (Earth and Planetary Sciences),102, 35–47.Google Scholar
  10. Horel, J. D., Wallace, J. M., 1981: Planetary scale atmospheric phenomena associated with the southern oscillation.Mon. Wea. Rev. 109, 813–829.Google Scholar
  11. Jones, P. D., Raper, S. C. B.., Bradley, R. S., Diaz, H. F., Kelley, P. M., Wigley, T. M. L., 1986: Northern Hemisphere surface air temperature variations: 1951–1984.J. Climate Appl. Meteor. 25, 161–179.Google Scholar
  12. Kung, E. C., Sharif, T. A., 1980: Regression forecasting of the Indian summer monsoon with antecedent upper air conditions.J. Appl. Meteor. 19, 370–380.Google Scholar
  13. Mooley, D. A., Parthasarathy, B., Pant, G. B., 1986: Relationships between Indian summer monsoon rainfall and location of the ridge at the 500 mb level along 75° E.J. Climate Appl. Meteor. 25, 633–640.Google Scholar
  14. Namias, J., 1985: New evidence for relationships between North Pacific atmospheric circulation and El Nino.Trop. Ocean-Atmos. Newslett. 30, 2–3.Google Scholar
  15. Namias, J., Cayan, D. R., Yuan, X., 1987: Low frequency variations in North Pacific SST persistance.Trop. Ocean-Atmos. Newslett. 42, 1–4.Google Scholar
  16. Oort, A. H., Pan, Y. H., 1985: Diagnosis to historical ENSO events. WMO Long Range Forecasting Research Report Series, 1, No. 6, 249–258. Proceedings of the First WMO Workshop combined with NOAA's Tenth Annual Diagnostics Workshop, College Park, MD 20742.Google Scholar
  17. Parthasarathy, B., Diaz, H. F., Eischeld, J. K., 1988: Prediction of all India summer monsoon rainfall with regional and large scale parameters.J. Geophys. Res. 93 (D5), 5341–5350.Google Scholar
  18. Parthasarathy, B., Rupa Kumar, K., Sontakke, N. A., 1990: Surface and upper air temperatures over India in relation to monsoon rainfall.J. Theor. Appl. Climatol. 42, 93–110.Google Scholar
  19. Parthasarathy, B., Rupa Kumar, K., Munot, A. A., 1991: Evidence of secular variations in Indian monsoon rainfall — circulation relationships.J. Climate 4, 927–938.Google Scholar
  20. Parthasarathy, B., Rupa Kumar, K., Kothawale, D. R., 1992: Indian Summer monsoon rainfall indices: 1871–1990.Meteor. Magazine 121, 174–186.Google Scholar
  21. Parthasarathy, B., Rupa Kumar, K., Munot, A. A., 1993: Homogeneous Indian monsoon rainfall: Variability and prediction,Proc. Ind. Acad. Sci. (Earth and Planetary Sciences) 102, 121–155.Google Scholar
  22. Shukla, J., Mooley, D. A., 1987: Empirical prediction of the summer monsoon rainfall over India.Mon. Wea. Rev. 115, 695–703.Google Scholar
  23. Srivastava, H. N., Singh, S. S., 1993: Empirical Orthogonal functions associated with parameters used in Long-range forecasting of Indian summer monsoon.Mausam 44, 29–34.Google Scholar
  24. Thapliyal, V., 1990: Large scale prediction of summer monsoon rainfall over India: Evolution and development of new models.Mausam 41, 339–346.Google Scholar
  25. Trenberth, K. E., Paolino, D. A., 1980: The Northern Hemisphere sea level pressure data set: Trends, errors and discontinuities.Mon. Wea. Rev. 108, 855–872.Google Scholar
  26. Trenberth, K. E., 1990: Recent observed interdecadal climate changes in the Northern Hemisphere.Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 71, 988–993.Google Scholar
  27. Wagner, A. J., 1984: Possible mid latitude atmospheric generation of anomalously warm surface waters in the gulf of Alaska from autumn 1982 to spring 1983.Trop. Ocean-Atmos. Newslett. 26, 15–16.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Singh
    • 1
  • C. V. V. Bhadram
    • 1
  • S. Goyal
    • 1
  • G. S. Mandal
    • 1
  1. 1.India Meteorological DepartmentNew DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations