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Plasma atrial natriuretic factor during cold-induced diuresis

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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the possible contribution of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) to cold-induced diuresis. Seven healthy men, dressed in shorts, were exposed to a cold environment (+12°C) for 90 min, and also to a thermoneutral environment. Exposure to cold increased urine output and sodium excretion significantly but plasma ANF concentration remained unchanged. The increase in urinary potassium excretion during cold exposure was not significant (P=0.0636) and plasma renin activity did not change either. Exposure to cold increased mean arterial pressure significantly but it did not affect heart rate. We concluded that acute exposure to the cold environment induced a diuretic response, which was a solute diuresis in its nature. Our results did not give support to the hypothesis that ANF might be involved in the renal response to cold exposure.

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Hynynen, M., Ilmarinen, R., Tikkanen, I. et al. Plasma atrial natriuretic factor during cold-induced diuresis. Europ. J. Appl. Physiol. 67, 286–289 (1993).

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