Pediatric Nephrology

, Volume 3, Issue 1, pp 43–49 | Cite as

Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease

  • Bernard S. Kaplan
  • J. Fay
  • Vanita Shah
  • Michael J. Dillon
  • T. Martin Barratt
Original Article

Abstract

The clinical features of 55 cases of autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPCKD) have been reviewed. Each had evidence of ARPCKD. The outcomes of 87% were known; 24 had died. Twenty-four of 31 were seen between 1980 and 1986; 7 could not be traced. Forty-five percent presented under 1 month; 38% between 1 month and 1 year; and 9 cases over 1 year. Hyponatraemia occurred in 15 out of 19 aged less than 3 months; hypertension occurred in 65%; splenomegaly in 47% of those surviving more than 3 months. Portocaval shunts were done in 5 aged 2–12 years. Thirteen died of renal failure, 6 under 1 year, and 7 between 1 year and 13 years. Life-table survival rates calculated from birth revealed that 86% were alive at 3 months, 79% at 1 year, 51% at 10 years, and 46% at 15 years. Calculations based on patients who survived to 1 year of age showed that 82% were alive at 10 years and 79% at 15 years. These results reveal an improved prognosis for a condition once assumed to be fatal.

Key words

Polycystic kidneys Congenital hepatic fibrosis Hypertension Hyponatraemia 

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Copyright information

© IPNA 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bernard S. Kaplan
    • 1
  • J. Fay
    • 1
  • Vanita Shah
    • 1
  • Michael J. Dillon
    • 1
  • T. Martin Barratt
    • 1
  1. 1.The Hospital for Sick ChildrenLondonUK

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