Tensile behavior of plastic foams
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The tensile stress-strain diagram of plastic foams is calculated on the basis of a previously proposed 14-faced cell model. An S-shaped inflection due to the flexural deformations of the ties is detected on the initial section of the diagram. It is shown that for closed-celled foams this inflection may degenerate. The results of testing PVC and polyurethane foams (volume content of polymer base about 3–6%) prove to be in satisfactory agreement with the calculations.
KeywordsPolymer Foam Polyurethane Cell Model Satisfactory Agreement
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