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Heterogeneous catalytic reactions proceeding with the participation of an astoichiometric component

  • Ya. T. Éidus
  • N. I. Ershov
Physical Chemistry

Conclusions

  1. 1.

    Catalysis with the participation of an astoichiometric component (in addition to the catalyst) is a widespread phenomenon among the usual, frequently encountered heterogeneous catalytic reactions.

     
  2. 2.

    In gas- or vapor-phase catalysis, the astoichiometric components are chiefly simple compounds: oxygen, nitrogen, carbon monoxide, water, ammonia, etc., while in liquid-phase catalysis they are the “solvent” and its components.

     
  3. 3.

    The astoichiometric component performs various functions and participates in various ways in the reaction mechanism.

     
  4. 4.

    In liquid-phase noncatalytic reactions, the solvent frequently influences the kinetics, selectivity, and mechanism, including the stereochemistry of the reaction, playing the role of an astoichiometric component.

     

Keywords

Oxygen Nitrogen Ammonia Catalysis Carbon Monoxide 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Consultants Bureau 1970

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ya. T. Éidus
    • 1
  • N. I. Ershov
    • 1
  1. 1.N. D. Zelinskii Institute of Organic ChemistryAcademy of Sciences of the USSRUSSR

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