Annals of sex research

, Volume 2, Issue 1, pp 89–96 | Cite as

The Gender Dysphoria Scale

A comparison of gender patients, sexually anomalous patients, and community controls
  • R. Langevin
  • V. Majpruz
  • L. Handy


The Gender Dysphoria (Gd) Scale developed by Althof, Lothstein, Jones and Shen (1983) was compared in a data base sample of 483 cases. There were 46 gender patients, 383 sexually anomalous patients and 54 community controls. The Gd Scale did show that gender patients had highest scores but there were indistinguishable from homosexuals (androphiles) who had no apparent gender dysphoria. Community controls also scored higher than nonhomosexual sexually anomalous patients. An examination of the Gd scales test properties showed that it had poor internal consistency and tended to be biased by education and IQ. Suggestions fro improving the Gd scale are offered.


Internal Consistency Data Base Community Control Base Sample Scale Test 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Juniper Press 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Langevin
    • 1
  • V. Majpruz
    • 1
  • L. Handy
    • 1
  1. 1.Clarke Institute of PsychiatryTorontoCanada

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