Carbonylation reaction

Communication 6. Synthesis of unsymmetrical dialkyl carbonates from saturated alcohols and carbon monoxide in the presence of mercuric acetate
  • B. K. Nefedov
  • N. S. Sergeeva
  • Ya. T. Éidus
Organic and Biological Chemistry
  • 17 Downloads

Conclusions

  1. 1.

    A study was made of the conditions for the synthesis of unsymmetrical dialkyl carbonates by the carbonylation of a mixture of saturated aliphatic alcohols with carbon monoxide in the presence of mercuric acetate, in either one or two steps.

     
  2. 2.

    The maximum yield of the unsymmetrical dialkyl carbonates is 30–35% when based on reacted alcohols, and it is obtained at 200°, a CO pressure of 25–60 atm, and an n-C3H7OH/R′OH ratio≈2.

     

Keywords

Alcohol Acetate Carbonylation Carbon Monoxide Maximum Yield 

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Literature cited

  1. 1.
    B. K. Nefedov, N. S. Sergeeva, and Ya. T. Éidus, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Khim., 1635 (1972).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    L. G. Makarova and A. N. Nesmeyanov, Methods of Heteroorganic Chemistry. Mercury [in Russian], Nauka (1965).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. I. Vogel, W. Cresswell, G. H. Jeffery, and J. Leicester, J. Chem. Soc., 514 (1952).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    W. Schoeller, W. Schrauth, and W. Essers, Ber.,46, 2864 (1913).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Consultants Bureau 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. K. Nefedov
    • 1
  • N. S. Sergeeva
    • 1
  • Ya. T. Éidus
    • 1
  1. 1.N. D. Zelinskii Institute of Organic ChemistryAcademy of Sciences of the USSRUSSR

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