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Cell-to-substratum adhesion of dissociated embryonic cells of the sea urchin,Pseudocentrotus depressus

  • Mineo Iwata
  • Eizo Nakano
Article

Summary

Some plant lectins, Concanavalin agglutinin (Con A), succinyl Con A and wheat germ agglutinin (WGA) increased the adhesion of dissociated embryonic cells of the sea urchin,Pseudocentrotus depressus, to the substratum (plastic and glass surface) in vitro. Other plant lectins,Ulex europeus agglutinin (UEA) andDolichos biflorus agglutinin (DBA) had no effect on the cell-to-substratum interaction. A specific monocarbohydrate inhibitor of lectins, α-methyl-d-mannoside, inhibited the Con A-induced cell-to-substratum adhesion of dissociated embryonic cells. This observation suggests that the Con A-induced cell-to-substratum adhesion may be attributed to the Con A-carbohydrate interaction. In Millipore-filtered sea water (MPFSW) containing Con A (0.1 mg/ml), dissociated embryonic cells adhered to the substratum for more than 6 h at 18°C, while in MPFSW as control, almost all the dissociated cells were released from the substratum after 1 h. A scanning electron microscopic study showed that dissociated embryonic cells adhered to the substratum were surrounded by an extracellular fibrous material, when the cells were cultured in MPFSW containing Con A. The induction of the extracellular fibrous material by Con A was inhibited by α-methyl-d-mannoside. The appearance of this material may be related to the cell-to-substratum adhesion of dissociated cells. Sequential extractions of Con A-treated dissociated cells with Triton X 100 and urea solubilized most of the cellular components, leaving the fibrous material on the surface. Biochemical conponents of the isolated fibrous material included sea urchin fibronectin, Con A and minor components (88 and 140 kilodalton proteins). Fibronectin preformed in the cells was excreted after the dissociation, while the 88 and 140 kilodalton proteins were synthesized and released to the extracellular space.

Key words

Sea urchin embryos Cell surface Con A Fibronectin 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mineo Iwata
    • 1
  • Eizo Nakano
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyNagoya UniversityNagoyaJapan

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