Transformation of avian myogenic cultures with myelocytomatosis virus strain 29

  • Christopher M. West
Rapid Communications


Primary cultures of proliferating chick presumptive myoblasts were exposed of either to two RNA tumor viruses and shortly thereafter treated with 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BUdR) to suppress differentiation. The effect of a Rous sarcoma virus which was temperature-sensitive for transformation (tsRSV) has been characterized previously and was used as a reference for evaluating the effect of a myelocytomatosis virus (MC29) and its helper. Two subcultures following exposure, both infected cultures were extensively transformed as indicated by cell morphology. Relaxation of the BUdR block at this time resulted in cultures which still appeared transformed and did not contain myoblast or myotube-like cells or two of their molecular markers. In contrast, uninfected controls and tsRSV-infected cultures which were shifted-up to the nonpermissive temperature produced numerous spontaneously contracting myotubes. The results confirm previous evidence that infection of presumptive myoblasts by tsRSV at the premissive temperature preserves the extant state of differentiation of presumptive myoblasts and suggest, by analogy, that MC29-infection renders a similar effect.

Key words

Myogenesis Transformation MC29 Rous sarcoma virus 5-Bromodeoxyuridine 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher M. West
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnatomyUniversity of Florida College of MedicineGainesvilleUSA

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