Recent studies have suggested that a prevention program that addresses the social influences that encourage smoking can be effective in deterring cigarette use by adolescents. This study presents 1-, 2-, and 3-year follow-up results from two studies which evaluated three variations of the social influences curriculum and compared them to a health consequences program and a usual-care comparison group. These results suggest that a peer-led, social influences program can restrain smoking among both baseline nonsmokers and baseline experimental smokers at 2 years postintervention. Analyses of attrition data suggest no evidence to threaten the internal validity of these findings, although their generalizability to baseline smokers may be limited.
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This work was supported by a contract from the National Institute for Child Health and Human Development (N01 HD 92831) and by grants from the National Institute for Child Health and Human Development (R01 HD 12801), the National Institute on Drug Abuse (R01 DA/HD 03205), and the National Cancer Institute (R01 CA 38275)
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Murray, D.M., Richards, P.S., Luepker, R.V. et al. The prevention of cigarette smoking in children: Two- and three-year follow-up comparisons of four prevention strategies. J Behav Med 10, 595–611 (1987). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00846657