Psychophysiological correlates of induced headaches
The psychophysiological correlates of induced headaches were examined. Subjects with frequent muscle-contraction headaches, frequent migraine headaches, or infrequent headaches were exposed to a 1-h cognitive stressor while multiple electromyographic and cardiovascular measures were monitored. The stressor was associated with significant changes in all psychophysiological measures. Eleven of 16 headache subjects and 2 of 8 control subjects developed headaches. Significant associations between several psychophysiological variables and headache occurrence were found and individual differences in the association between psychophysiological variables and headaches intensity were examined. The results were consistent with the hypothesized role of cardiovascular factors in the pathophysiology of muscle-contraction headache. This was the first controlled demonstration of headaches occurring as a function of environmental stressors.
Key wordsheadaches migraine muscle contraction psychophysiology
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