Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 14, Issue 2, pp 187–201 | Cite as

Control over uplifts and hassles and its relationship to adaptational outcomes

  • Allen D. Kanner
  • S. Shirley Feldman


The relationship of perceived control over daily uplifts and hassles to depression and restraint was examined in a sample of 140 middle-class sixth graders. Results indicated that greater control over uplifts was associated with better functioning and lower control over hassles with poorer functioning, even after partialing out the respective number of uplifts and hassles reported. Moreover, when directly compared, control over uplifts showed more powerful associations with adaptational outcomes than did control over hassles. In a separate analysis, the number of uplifts over which children reported high control showed opposite relationships to adaptational outcomes than did the number of uplifts over which children reported low control. A different pattern appeared for hassles. Although the number of hassles with low control was associated with poorer functioning, the number of hassles over which children had high control was unrelated to adaptational outcomes. The possibility that control operates somewhat differently for positive and negative events is discussed.

Key words

adaptational outcome control depression hassles uplifts 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Allen D. Kanner
    • 1
  • S. Shirley Feldman
    • 1
  1. 1.Stanford Center for the Study of Families, Children and YouthStanford UniversityStanford

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