Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp 341–362 | Cite as

Physical health correlates of Type A behavior in children and adolescents

  • Jean R. Eagleston
  • Kathleen Kirmil-Gray
  • Carl E. Thoresen
  • Sue A. Wiedenfeld
  • Paul Bracke
  • Lorchen Heft
  • Bruce Arnow
Article

Abstract

A physical examination including resting blood pressure, heart rate, Tanner scales, height, and weight was administered to 184 students in the fifth, seventh, and ninth grades. They completed the Physical Symptoms of Stress Inventory, Health Habits Inventory, and two self-monitoring logs of physical symptoms. School absenteeism, medical records, physician ratings, and family health history data were collected. No significant differences between high-and low-Type A behavior pattern (TABP) subjects were found on any of the physical measurements. However, retrospective and prospective reports of physical symptoms revealed a consistent pattern: high TABP subjects reported significantly more physical symptoms than low-TABP subjects. Self-ratings of stress and tension were significantly higher for high-TABP subjects. High-TABP subjects, however, neither missed more school because of illness nor used physician services more often than low subjects. Further, expected relationships between physical symptoms and illness behavior, including school absence, were evident only for low subjects.

Key words

Type A behavior illness physical symptoms children adolescents 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean R. Eagleston
    • 1
  • Kathleen Kirmil-Gray
    • 1
  • Carl E. Thoresen
    • 1
  • Sue A. Wiedenfeld
    • 1
  • Paul Bracke
    • 1
  • Lorchen Heft
    • 1
  • Bruce Arnow
    • 1
  1. 1.Health Behavior Research ProgramCenter for Educational Research at StanfordStanford

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