Psychological correlates of the Type A behavior pattern

Abstract

Psychological characteristics of 384 adult males classified as Type A or Type B by the structured interview were examined. Subjects classified Type A differed significantly from subjects classified Type B on a number of psychological scales including measures of aggression, autonomy, extroversion, and impulsiveness but not on measures of psychological distress. The extent to which pencil and paper questionnaire assessments of Type A differ from structured interview ratings was also studied. Correlations between the various Type A questionnaire scales and the structured interview were found to be notably low. The use of Type A questionnaires and implications for Type A interventions are discussed.

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The preparation of this article was supported by NIOSH Contract CDC-99-7442, NIMH Grant MH 31269, and NHLBI Grant HL 03429.

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Chesney, M.A., Black, G.W., Chadwick, J.H. et al. Psychological correlates of the Type A behavior pattern. J Behav Med 4, 217–229 (1981). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00844272

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Key words

  • Type A behavior
  • coronary-prone behavior
  • Type A structured interview
  • Type A questionnaires
  • Type A interventions