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Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 4, Issue 2, pp 217–229 | Cite as

Psychological correlates of the Type A behavior pattern

  • Margaret A. Chesney
  • George W. Black
  • Joseph H. Chadwick
  • Ray H. Rosenman
Article

Abstract

Psychological characteristics of 384 adult males classified as Type A or Type B by the structured interview were examined. Subjects classified Type A differed significantly from subjects classified Type B on a number of psychological scales including measures of aggression, autonomy, extroversion, and impulsiveness but not on measures of psychological distress. The extent to which pencil and paper questionnaire assessments of Type A differ from structured interview ratings was also studied. Correlations between the various Type A questionnaire scales and the structured interview were found to be notably low. The use of Type A questionnaires and implications for Type A interventions are discussed.

Key words

Type A behavior coronary-prone behavior Type A structured interview Type A questionnaires Type A interventions 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Margaret A. Chesney
    • 1
  • George W. Black
    • 1
  • Joseph H. Chadwick
    • 1
  • Ray H. Rosenman
    • 1
  1. 1.Behavioral Medicine ProgramSRI InternationalMenlo Park

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