Direct endoscopic percutaneous jejunostomy (EPJ)
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Direct puncture of the small bowel under endoscopic guidance (direct EPJ) is possible in patients whose stomach has been removed or whose small bowel cannot be punctured by other methods. From January 1990 to June 1992 a total of 39 patients underwent successful direct EPJ at our institution. The indications were malnutrition after partial or total gastrectomy (n=19), insufficient anastomosis or a stenosis after esophageal resection and esophagojejunostomy (n=13), esophageal perforation (n=3), fistulas (n=2), or severe trauma (n=2). The tubes were inserted at the bedside under local anesthesia using the string pull-through technique. The procedure was attempted in five other patients but it was technically impossible to insert the tubes in these patients. Postoperative enteral feeding was possible in all 39 patients whose direct EPJ was successful. Complications included tube dysfunction due to plugging and fracture in five patients, pressure-induced enteric ulcers in two, and local infections in three patients. The ulcers and infections were managed conservatively. We conclude that direct EPJ is a safe, effective alternative to surgical catheter-jejunostomy.
Key wordsEndoscopic jejunostomy Percutaneous Technique
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