Polyneuropathy with osteosclerotic myeloma — POEMS syndrome

A case report

Summary

A rare form of plasma cell dyscrasia characterized by associated polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, M protein and skin changes has been termed the POEMS syndrome. The pathophysiology is unknown; plasma cell dyscrasia is essential; secondary manifestations are unexplained. We report a 67-year-old-man with a 7-month history of progressive weakness and numbness of the legs. Clinical examination revealed sensorimotor polyneuropathy, predominantly affecting the lower extremities, hepatomegaly, and skin haemangiomas. Additional investigations disclosed IgG-lambda monoclonal serum protein, endocrine abnormalities, elevated cerebrospinal fluid protein level and an osteoblastic lesion of the lumbar vertebra. Biopsy of the osteosclerotic vertebra showed a marked lymphoplasmocytic infiltrate. MRI of the liver disclosed two haemangiomas; this association has not been reported previously.

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Correspondence to Slobodan Apostolski.

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Vidaković, A., Simić, P., Stojisavljević, N. et al. Polyneuropathy with osteosclerotic myeloma — POEMS syndrome. J Neurol 239, 49–52 (1992). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00839213

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Key words

  • Myeloma
  • Osteosclerosis
  • Polyneuropathy
  • M protein
  • Haemangioma