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Acta Diabetologica

, Volume 32, Issue 3, pp 187–192 | Cite as

Basal glucose turnover inPsammomys obesus

An animal model of type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus
  • R. C. Habito
  • M. Barnett
  • A. Yamamoto
  • D. Cameron-Smith
  • K. O'Dea
  • P. Zimmet
  • G. R. Collier
Originals

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine wholebody glucose turnover and glucose uptake into individual tissues inPsammomys obesus. The animals were classi-fied according to the level of circulating glucose and insulin in the fed state: group A was normoglycaemic and normoinsulinaemic (glucose <8.0 mmol/l, insulin <150 mU/l), group B was normoglycaemic and hyperinsulinaemic (glucose <8.0 mmol/l, insulin ≥150 mU/l), and group C was hyperglycaemic and hyperinsulinaemic (glucose ≥8.0 mmol/l, insulin ≥ 150 mU/l). The animals were deprived of food for 6 h, after which they were anaesthetized and cannulated, using the jugular vein for infusions and the carotid artery for blood sampling. Whole-body glucose turnover was measured using a primed-continuous infusion of 6-[3H]-glucose and saline to quantitatively assess hepatic glucose production (HGP), glucose disposal (Rd), and the metabolic clearance rate of glucose (MCR). Following the 2-h infusion period, the glucose metabolic index (Rg′) of individual tissues was measured using a fixed-dose bolus of 2-deoxy-[14C]glucose. Under the steady-state conditions of the experiment, HGP was assumed to be equal to Rd, and both variables were found to be significantly correlated to the fasting glucose concentration (r=0.534,P<0.05,n=19). On the other hand, MCR was found to be inversely correlated to the fasting plasma glucose concentration (r=0.670,P<0.01,n=19). When the animals were divided into three groups as described above, HGP in group C animals was significantly elevated compared with group A (20.8±2.6 vs 12.7±0.6 mg · kg−1 · min−1;P<0.05), and MCR showed a tendency to be lower in group C than group A, although the difference was not statistically significant. HGP and MCR were not significantly different between groups A and B. Measurement of the glucose metabolic index in individual tissues showed that group C animals had significantly higher Rg′ values in muscles and adipse tissues compared with those in group A (P<0.05). In addition, Rg′ in group B white gastrocnemius and soleus were significantly higher than in group A despite similar rates of HGP and levels of glycaemia. These findings suggest that an early increase in skeletal muscle glucose uptake and hyperinsulinaemia can be demonstrated in group BPsammomysobesus before significant hyperglycaemia.

Key words

Basal glucose turnover Type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus Hyperglycaemia Hyperinsulinaemia Psammomys obesus 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. C. Habito
    • 1
  • M. Barnett
    • 1
  • A. Yamamoto
    • 2
  • D. Cameron-Smith
    • 1
  • K. O'Dea
    • 1
  • P. Zimmet
    • 3
  • G. R. Collier
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Nutrition and Public HealthDeakin UniversityGeelongAustralia
  2. 2.Faculty of EducationShizuoka UniversityShzuoka-shiJapan
  3. 3.International Diabetes InstituteCaulfield SouthAustralia

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