Studies in Soviet Thought

, Volume 21, Issue 4, pp 341–362 | Cite as

Practice and the social factor in cognition: Polish Marxist epistemology since Kołakowski

  • Edward Swiderski


Social Factor Political Philosophy Marxist Epistemology 
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Studia Filozoficzne


Myśl Filozoficzna


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Notes and references

  1. 1.
    ‘Karl Marks i klasyczna definicija prawdy’,SF 1959, 2, 43–67; later in a collection of essays entitledKultura i fetysze, Warsaw 1967. An English translation is available inTowards a Marxist Humanism, New York, Grove Press 1969, 38–66; this text will be cited here.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    E.g. T. M. Jaroszewski,Rozwazania o praktyce. Wokoł interpretacji filozofii K. Marksa, Warsaw: PWN 1974, Jan Kurowicki:Poznanie i spoleczenstwo, Warsaw: PWN 1977; cf. below references to Eilstein. A recent critique of Kołakowski's interpretation is by G. Markus, ‘Über die erkenntnistheoretischen Ansichten des jungen Marx’, inBeiträge zur marxistische Erkenntnistheorie, Hrsg. v. Alfred Schmidt, Suhrkamp, Frankfurt a/M. 1972, 18–72.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kołakowski,op. cit.,, p. 58.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    ‘Aktualność sporu o powszechniki’,MF 1956, 2, (22), 3–32.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ibid., pp. 20–25.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ibid., p. 27.Google Scholar
  7. 8.
    ‘Indywiduum i nieskończoność materialna w metafizyce Spinozy’,MF 1957, 2 (28).Google Scholar
  8. 9.
    Ibid., p. 163.Google Scholar
  9. 10.
    Ibid., p. 10.Google Scholar
  10. 11.
    ‘Karl Marx ...’,loc. cit., p. 52.Google Scholar
  11. 13.
    Ibid., p. 53.Google Scholar
  12. 15.
    ‘Karl Marx ...’, p. 56.Google Scholar
  13. 16.
    Kolakowski repeats the essentials of this interpretation inMain Currents of Marxism, Vol. 1:The Founders, Clarendon, Oxford, 1978, developing in subsequent volumes its affinity to those of Gramsci, Korsch and Lukács.Google Scholar
  14. 17.
    ‘Karl Marx ...’, p. 46.Google Scholar
  15. 19.
    Ibid., p. 56.Google Scholar
  16. 20.
    Ibid., p. 51.Google Scholar
  17. 23.
    ‘O stylu filozofowania L. Kolakowskiego tudżiez o “mlodomarksowskiej i Engelsowsko-Leninowskiej” teorii odbicia’,SF 1959, 6, 157–199; Eilstein, at one time editor ofSF, left Poland in 1968.Google Scholar
  18. 25.
    Ibid., p. 183.Google Scholar
  19. 26.
    Ibid., p. 164.Google Scholar
  20. 27.
    Ibid., p. 181.Google Scholar
  21. 28.
    Ibid., p. 182.Google Scholar
  22. 29.
    Ibid., p. 183.Google Scholar
  23. 31.
    Eilstein, p. 187ff.Google Scholar
  24. 32.
    Kolakowski calls such a philosophy a ‘transcendental’ one and identifies Engels and Soviet philosophy as proponents; cf. ‘Le marxisme de Marx, le marxisme de Engels’, inContemporary Philosophy, ed. by R. Klibansky, Vol. 4, Firenze, 1971, 401–423.Google Scholar
  25. 34.
    Kurowicki has published:Poznanie i społeczeństwo, Warsaw, PWN 1977;Wyprawa w krainę oczywistości, Wroclaw, Ossolineum 1978.Google Scholar
  26. 38.
    ‘Kilka tez o materializmie historycznym’, inŚwiadomość i historia, op. cit., p. 14f.Google Scholar
  27. 39.
    ‘Materializm historyczny a poznanie’, inŚwiadomość ..., p. 37.Google Scholar
  28. 40.
    Ibid., p. 37.Google Scholar
  29. 41.
    ‘Epistemologia diachroniczna. Zarys problematyki’,op. cit., p. 17. Rainko notes that Kołakowski conducted a seminar in 1966 on Mannheim. It may be the basis of his article ‘The Epistemological Significance of the Aetiology of Knowledge: A Gloss on Mannheim’, inA Leszek Kołakowski Reader, Tri-Quarterly, 22, Fall 1971, 221–238.Google Scholar
  30. 42.
    Ibid., p. 29ff.Google Scholar
  31. 43.
    ‘Materializm historyczny a poznanie’,op. cit., p. 38f.Google Scholar
  32. 44.
    ‘Epistemologia diachroniczna’,op. cit., p. 33f.Google Scholar
  33. 47.
    ‘Filozofia nieinterwencji’,MF 1953, 2 (8);Filosofia pozytywistyczna. Od Hume's do Koła Wiedenskiego, Warsaw, PWN 1966 (English translationThe Alienation of Reason, op. cit.).Google Scholar
  34. 48.
    My translation: ‘Le Marx d'Althusser’, inL'esprit révolutionnaire suivi deMarxisme — utopie et anti-utopie, Bruxelles, Ed. Complexe 1978, p. 183.Google Scholar
  35. 49.
    From the Preface toA Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy, inThe Marx-Engels Reader, ed. by Tucker, New York, Norton 1972, p. 5.Google Scholar
  36. 50.
    Cf. L. Nowak, ‘Wymiary praktyki’,SF 1973, 10, 129ff.Google Scholar
  37. 51.
    Kmita distinguishes more than one kind of correspondence; cf.Szkice z teorii poznania naukowego, op. cit., and ‘Praktyka społeczna jako podstawowe pojęcie epistemologii historycznej’,SF 1977, 11, p. 5ff.Google Scholar
  38. 52.
    The expressions ‘states of nature’ and ‘matter’ are taken from the interesting study by Serge Moscovici:Essai sur l'histoire humaine de la nature, Paris, Flammarion 1977.Google Scholar
  39. 53.
    Kołakowski offers these conclusions in his illuminating chapter on Stanislaw Brzozowski inMain Currents of Marxism. Vol. 2:The Golden Age, op. cit., esp. p. 238.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Co. 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edward Swiderski
    • 1
  1. 1.Fribourg

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