The taxonomic and ecological status of the environmentally restricted spongillid species of North America. I. Spongilla sponginosa Penney 1957
- 34 Downloads
The taxonomic validity, present distribution, and specific threats to the existence of the freshwater sponge,Spongilla sponginosa Penney were investigated. This species, reported only from the type locality, Week's Pond, Sumter County, South Carolina, has apparently been extirpated due to highly acidic pH levels in the pond water. Examination of holotype materials indicate some question of the validity of S. sponginosa as a distinct species.
KeywordsEcology Porifera Spongillidae Taxonomy
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Harrison, F. W. 1974. Sponges (Porifera: Spongillidae), in Pollution Ecology of Freshwater Invertebrates, ed. C. W.HartJr. and S. L. H.Fuller, Academic Press, New York, pp. 29–66.Google Scholar
- Penney, J. T. 1957. A new species of freshwater sponge from South Carolina. Univ. South Carolina Publ. Ser. 3, Biol. 2: 112–115.Google Scholar
- Poirrier, M. A. 1976. A taxonomic study of the Spongilla alba, S. cenota, S. wagneri species group (Porifera: Spongillidae) with ecological observations of S. alba, in, Aspects of Sponge Biology, ed. F. W.Harrison and R. R.Cowden, Academic Press, New York, pp. 203–213.Google Scholar