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Hydrobiologia

, Volume 53, Issue 3, pp 199–201 | Cite as

The taxonomic and ecological status of the environmentally restricted spongillid species of North America. I. Spongilla sponginosa Penney 1957

  • Frederick W. Harrison
  • Loris Johnston
  • Kenneth B. Stansell
  • William McAndrew
Article

Abstract

The taxonomic validity, present distribution, and specific threats to the existence of the freshwater sponge,Spongilla sponginosa Penney were investigated. This species, reported only from the type locality, Week's Pond, Sumter County, South Carolina, has apparently been extirpated due to highly acidic pH levels in the pond water. Examination of holotype materials indicate some question of the validity of S. sponginosa as a distinct species.

Keywords

Ecology Porifera Spongillidae Taxonomy 

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References

  1. Harrison, F. W. 1974. Sponges (Porifera: Spongillidae), in Pollution Ecology of Freshwater Invertebrates, ed. C. W.HartJr. and S. L. H.Fuller, Academic Press, New York, pp. 29–66.Google Scholar
  2. Penney, J. T. 1957. A new species of freshwater sponge from South Carolina. Univ. South Carolina Publ. Ser. 3, Biol. 2: 112–115.Google Scholar
  3. Poirrier, M. A. 1976. A taxonomic study of the Spongilla alba, S. cenota, S. wagneri species group (Porifera: Spongillidae) with ecological observations of S. alba, in, Aspects of Sponge Biology, ed. F. W.Harrison and R. R.Cowden, Academic Press, New York, pp. 203–213.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr. W. Junk b.v. Publishers 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frederick W. Harrison
    • 1
  • Loris Johnston
    • 1
  • Kenneth B. Stansell
    • 2
  • William McAndrew
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of AnatomyAlbany Medical CollegeAlbany
  2. 2.South Carolina Wildlife and Marine Resources DepartmentColumbiaUSA
  3. 3.South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental ControlColumbiaUSA

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