Effect of porosity on the permeability tensor of polycrystalline ferrites (independent grain approximation)
- 35 Downloads
The effect of porosity on the form of the permeability tensor is calculated using the independent-grain approximation; this procedure is similar to the Schlömann method. The theoretical curve for the resonant-field distribution is approximated by the Lorentz curve using the method of least squares. It is shown that with this approximation, porosity increases the width of the ferromagnetic resonance line for a non-porous material by the width of the Lorentz distribution curve; thus the resonant field shifts toward lower values. Formulas are obtained for the resonant-field shift due to porosity and the broadening in the ferromagnetic resonance line; these formulas differ somewhat from the Schlömann formulas. In order to check the working formulas and the applicability of the independent-grain approximation, measurements were performed on the tensor for magnesium-chromium-copper ferrites with variable porosity and a magnetization on the order of 1200 gauss at a frequency of 4000 mHz. Specimens having the form of longitudinally magnetized circular cylinders were used so that there was no degeneration in uniform precession of magnetization with long spin waves. The observed effect of porosity on the width of the ferromagnetic resonance line (determined by measuring the tensor) was found to be in good quantitative agreement with calculation. The shift in the resonant field due to porosity was negligibly small, which also agreed with calculation. The experimental results show that when there is no degeneration in uniform precession with spin waves, the independent-grain approximation can be used in experiments even when the magnetization and resonant field are approximately equal.
Here, we must allow for the static magnetic susceptibility in the formulas for the resonant-field shift and the broadening in the ferromagnetic resonance line.
KeywordsPorosity Ferrite Magnetic Susceptibility Distribution Curve Circular Cylinder
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.J. E. Pippin and C. L. Hogan, IRE Trans., MTT-6, no. 1, 77, 1958.Google Scholar
- 2.A. G. Gurevich and I. E. Gubler, FTT,1, no. 12, 1856, 1959.Google Scholar
- 3.A. I. Obraztsov, Readings on the Gyrator-60 [in Russian], Leningrad, 1961.Google Scholar
- 4.M. Sparks, R. London, and C. Kittel, Phys. Rev.,122, no. 3, 791, 1961.Google Scholar
- 5.V. A. Fabrikov, Microwave Ferrites [in Russian], Moscow, 1963.Google Scholar
- 6.M. Sparks, J. Appl. Phys., 36, no. 5, 1570, 1965.Google Scholar
- 7.E. Schlömann, Raytheon Tech. Rept. R-15; Proc. Conf. on Magn. and Magn. Materials, AIEE, Spec. Publ., p. 600, 1956.Google Scholar
- 8.E. Schlömann, J. Phys. Chem. of Solids, 6, no. 2/3, 257, 1958.Google Scholar
- 9.Author's certificate no. 28614, issued on basis of declaration no. 957225, effective 1 June 1964.Google Scholar
- 10.A. N. Elsukov and E. V. Leshchev, Izv. VUZ. Fizika [Soviet Physics Journal], no. 4, 66, 1965.Google Scholar
- 11.H. E. Bussey and L. A. Steinert, PIRE,45, 693, 1957.Google Scholar
- 12.J. O. Artman, J. Appl. Phys.,28, no. 1, 991, 1957.Google Scholar
- 13.S. Geschwind and A. M. Clogston, Phys. Rev.,108, no. 1, 49, 1957.Google Scholar
- 14.H. E. Bussey and L. A. Steinert, IRE Trans., MTT-6, no. 1, 72, 1958.Google Scholar
- 15.A. L. Mikaelyan, A. K. Stolyarov, and A. A. Vasil'ev, Radiotekhnika i elektronika, 5, no. 1, 1960.Google Scholar