, Volume 1, Issue 3, pp 215–219 | Cite as

Cellulosic diamines as reaction-incorporated fillers in epoxy composites

  • A. J. Varma
  • V. B. Chavan
Research Papers


Cellulosic fillers have been chemically modified by attaching pendant primary amine groups (diamino propane). The modified cellulose fillers were used for curing an epoxy resin (diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A). Gel times thus obtained are much less than systems containing unmodified cellulose. The advantages from the use of such modified organic fillers are discussed. Our investigations could encourage greater utilization of renewable lignocellulosic materials as reactionincorporated fillers for polymer composites.


cellulose fillers epoxy resins lignocellulosic materials 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Carraher, C. E. Jr. and Sperling, L. H. (eds) (1983)Polymer Applications of Renewable-Resource Materials. New York: Plenum Press.Google Scholar
  2. Cousin, P., Bataille, P., Schreiber, H. P. and Sapieha, S. (1989)J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 37, 3057.Google Scholar
  3. Feldman, D. O., Bank, D. and Khoury, M. (1989)J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 37, 877.Google Scholar
  4. Klason, C., Kubat, J. and Stromvall, H. E. (1984)Int. J. Polym. Mater. 10, 159.Google Scholar
  5. Lee, H. and Neville, K. (1967)Handbook of Epoxy Resins. New York: McGraw Hill.Google Scholar
  6. Lightsey, G. R. (1983) InPolymer Applications of Renewable-Resource Materials (C. E. Carraher, Jr., and L. H. Sperling, eds). New York: Plenum Press, 1983, p. 193.Google Scholar
  7. Maekawa, E. and Koshijima, T. (1984).J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 29, 2289.Google Scholar
  8. Monte, S. J., Sugerman, G. and Seeman, D. J. (1977) Bulletin No. KR 0577-6 of Kenrich Petrochemicals Inc., New Jersey.Google Scholar
  9. Nakani, S., Goto, Y. and Inone, T. (1975) Mitusibishi Petrochemicals Co. Ltd., Ger. Offen 2,440,668, 06 March 1975 (from CA 83 (4), 29175 K).Google Scholar
  10. Nevell, T. P. (1963) InMethods in Carbohydrate Chemistry (R. L. Whistler, ed.). Vol. III, New York: Academic Press, p. 164.Google Scholar
  11. Plueddeman, E. P. (1982)Silane Coupling Agents. New York: Plenum Press.Google Scholar
  12. Tock, R. W., Simms, T. and Irvine, R. (1986)Plastics Engineering Google Scholar
  13. Usmani, A. M. and Salyer, I. O. (1983) InPolymer Applications of Renewable-Resource Materials (C. E. Carraher, Jr., and L. H. Sperling, eds). New York: Plenum Press, p. 89.Google Scholar
  14. Varma, A. J. and Jamdade, Y. K. (1985)Carbohyd. Polym. 5, 309.Google Scholar
  15. Varma, A. J., Jamdade, Y. K. and Nadkarni, V. M. (1984)Angew. Makromol. Chem. 122, 211.Google Scholar
  16. Wake, W. C. (1971)Filler for Plastics. London: The Plastics Institute.Google Scholar
  17. Woodhams, R. T., Thomas, C. and Rodgers, D. K. (1984)Polym. Eng. Sci. 24, 1166.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Blackie Academic & Professional 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. J. Varma
    • 1
  • V. B. Chavan
    • 1
  1. 1.Polymer Science & Engineering Group, Chemical Engineering DivisionNational Chemical LaboratoryPuneIndia

Personalised recommendations