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GeoJournal

, Volume 29, Issue 2, pp 197–200 | Cite as

Retrospective of China's urbanization and regional development in the era of economic reforms

  • Xie Yichun 
Article

Abstract

Great changes have taken place in China's urban and regional development since the economic reforms were launched at the end of 1978. Four phases are distinguished according to major policy changes. During the agricultural reforms and the initial stage of “open door policy” (Phase I), there was a rapid growth of small cities and towns and regional emphasis shifted from the interior to the coast. Phase II was characterized by urban reforms and the increasing involvement of foreign capital. Cities, especially large cities, grew fast and economic activities became concentrated along the coast. The economic rectification (Phase III) witnessed retarded growth and stagnant urban development. In the new surge of economic reforms (Phase IV), “opening-up to the outside world” became the first priority. The previously restricted opening-up of coastal regions has been replaced by a full-dimensional opening-up. The “torrent” of capturing foreign capital is moving towards China's remote hinterlands along its great rivers.

Keywords

Coastal Region Large City Policy Change Urban Development Great Change 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xie Yichun 
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeographyState University of New York at BuffaloBuffaloUSA

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