The effect of ovariectomy of serum amino acids and cholesterol in the rat
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As steroid hormones are known to influence amino acid metabolism we tested the hypothesis that ovariectomy should lead to significant changes in this system.
We found that after ovariectomy serum alanine was significantly decreased (p = 0.0006) in contrast to serum glycine and branched chain amino acids (BCAA). The ratio of glycine/BCAA, a parameter for anabolism or catabolism was not changed after ovariectomy. If, however, the amino acid alanine as the link to carbohydrate and lipid metabolism was introduced the alanine/BCAA ratio was significantly altered (p = 0.01).
Although serum cholesterol was altered as well (increased,p = 0.03), no significant correlation with alanine was found. We can therefore assume that there are two independent mechanisms for lipid and amino acid changes after ovariectomy.
The most prominent finding was that estradiol replacement after ovariectomy restored increased cholesterol levels but did not restore alanine levels. Other ovarial hormones must be incriminated for the regulation of alanine metabolism. The anabolic effects of estradiol as decreasing glycine and BCAA were noticed which rules out insufficient estradiol replacement.
KeywordsAmino acids Ovariectomy Estradiol Glycine Alanine BCAA
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