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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 13, Issue 11, pp 2497–2506 | Cite as

A study of the effect of injection speed on fibre orientation in simple mouldings of short glass fibre-filled polypropylene

  • P. F. Bright
  • R. J. Crowson
  • M. J. Folkes
Papers

Abstract

The pattern of fibre orientation in injection moulded strips of glass fibre reinforced polypropylene has been studied using the technique of contact micro-radiography. It has been found that the fibre orientation in the core of the mouldings is very dependent on injection speed. High injection speed gives alignment of fibres transverse to the flow direction, while for very low speeds the fibres align parallel to the flow. The associated changes in topography of the mouldings have been studied using scanning electron microscopy. The rheological properties of both glass fibre-filled and unfilled polypropylene have been studied in a capillary rheometer. At low shear rates, the fibres cause a significant increase in viscosity, but at the shear rates likely to be encountered in injection moulding, the filled and unfilled melts have very similar viscosities. The rheological data can be used to interpret the pattern of fibre orientation in the mouldings.

Keywords

Shear Rate Fibre Orientation Injection Moulding Mould Filling Capillary Rheometer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Chapman and Hall Ltd 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. F. Bright
    • 1
  • R. J. Crowson
    • 1
  • M. J. Folkes
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MaterialsCranfield Institute of TechnologyCranfieldUK

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