Catalysis Letters

, Volume 40, Issue 1–2, pp 95–99 | Cite as

A broad spectrum catalytic system for removal of toxic organics from water by deep oxidation using dioxygen as the oxidant

  • Terrence Hogan
  • Robert Simpson
  • Minren Lin
  • Ayusman Sen


In water, metallic palladium was found to catalyze the deep oxidation of a wide variety of functional organics by dioxygen at 80–90°C in the presence of carbon monoxide. Several classes of organic compounds were examined: benzene, phenol and substituted phenols, aliphatic and aromatic halogenated compounds, organophosphorus, and organosulfur compounds. In every case, deep oxidation to carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and water occurred in high yields, resulting in up to several hundred turnovers over a 24 h period. Since the heterogeneous catalyst can be removed by simple filtration, simultaneous water purification and contaminant destruction becomes feasible. For those substrates that are insoluble in pure water, a mixture of water and perfluorobutyric acid was successfully employed as the solvent.


palladium metal oxidation toxic organics 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    Drinking Water and Health (National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC, 1977) ch. VI;Google Scholar
  2. [1]a
    D. Quaghebeur, I. Tenunerman and G. Angeletti, eds.,Organic Contaminants in Waster Water, Sludge and Sediment (Elsevier, New York, 1989);Google Scholar
  3. [1]b
    K.C. Jones, ed.,Organic Contaminants in the Environment (Elsevier, New York, 1991).Google Scholar
  4. [2]
    G. Gottschalk and H.-J. Knackmuss, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 32 (1993) 1398;Google Scholar
  5. [2]a
    R.E. Hinchee, A. Leeson, L. Semprini and S.K. Ong, eds.,Bioremediation of Chlorinated and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Compounds (Lewis, Boca Raton, 1994);Google Scholar
  6. [2]b
    D. A. Abramowicz and D.R. Oison, CHEMTECH (1995) 36.Google Scholar
  7. [3]
    E. Pelizzetti, C. Minero and M. Vincenti,Technologies for Environmental Cleanup: Toxic and Hazardous Waste Management, eds. A. Avogadro and R.C. Ragaini, Euro Courses: Environ. Manage. 2 (1994) 101;Google Scholar
  8. [3]a
    M.A. Fox and M.T. Dulay, Chem. Rev. 93 (1993) 341.Google Scholar
  9. [4]
    S.A. Larson and J.L. Falconer, Appl. Catal. B 4 (1994) 325;Google Scholar
  10. [4]a
    C. Minero, E. Pelizzetti, P. Pichat, M. Sega and M. Vincenti, Environ. Sci. Technol. 29 (1995) 2226;Google Scholar
  11. [4]b
    C. Dong and C.-P. Huang, Adv. Chem. Ser. 244 (1995) 291.Google Scholar
  12. [5]
    A.R. Bowers, P. Gaddipati, W.W. Eckenfelder and R.M. Monsen, Wat. Sci. Tech. 21 (1989) 477;Google Scholar
  13. [5]a
    O. Koyama, Y. Kamagata and K. Nakamura, Wat. Res. 28 (1994) 895;Google Scholar
  14. [5]b
    J. Kiwi, C. Pulgarin, P. Peringer and A. Grätzel, Appl. Catal. B 3 (1993) 85;Google Scholar
  15. [5]c
    J. Kiwi, C. Pulgarin and P. Peringer, Appl. Catal. B 3 (1994) 335;Google Scholar
  16. [5]d
    A. Sorokin and B. Meunier, J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun. (1994) 1799.Google Scholar
  17. [6]
    A. Sorokin, J.-L. Serfs and B. Meunier, Science 268 (1995) 1163;Google Scholar
  18. [6]a
    A. Sorokin, J.-L. Seris and B. Meunier, Chim. Ind. (1995) 151.Google Scholar
  19. [7]
    M. Lin and A. Sen, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 114 (1992) 7307; A. Sen and M. Lin, US Patent 5,393,922 (1995).Google Scholar
  20. [8]
    L.W. Gosser, US Patent 14,681,751 (1987).Google Scholar
  21. [9]
    J.S. Valentine, in:Bioinorganic Chemistry, eds. I. Bertini, H.B. Gray, S.J. Lippard and J.S. Valentine (University Science Books, Mill Valley, 1994) p. 253;Google Scholar
  22. [9]a
    D. Mansuy and P. Battioni, in:Bioinorganic Catalysis, ed. J. Reedijk (Dekker, New York, 1993) p. 395.Google Scholar
  23. [10]
    S.M. Somani, ed.,Chemical Warfare Agents (Academic, San Diego, 1992).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© J.C. Baltzer AG, Science Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Terrence Hogan
    • 1
  • Robert Simpson
    • 1
  • Minren Lin
    • 1
  • Ayusman Sen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryThe Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

Personalised recommendations