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Methane and ethane activation without adding oxygen: promotional effect of W in Mo-W/HZSM-5

Abstract

The conversions of methane and ethane over Mo/HZSM-5 and W/HZSM-5 catalysts are compared. A reaction model for hydrocarbon formation over Mo/HZSM-5 catalysts is proposed, which involves heterolytic splitting of methane and a molybdenum-carbene intermediate. Ethene is shown to be the initial product of methane conversion, and it undergoes further reaction to form aromatics in a solid acid environment. The promotional effect of addition of tungsten in the Mo-W/HZSM-5 catalyst in methane conversion reaction suggests the formation of Mo-W mixed oxide. The product selectivity patterns of Mo/HZSM-5 and W/HZSM-5 catalysts in ethane conversion reaction are consistent with a dual-path model involving dehydrogenation and cracking (or hydrogenolysis) of ethane. The rates of both these reactions over Mo/HZSM-5 are higher than over W/HZSM-5.

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Correspondence to Yide Xu.

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Wong, ST., Xu, Y., Wang, L. et al. Methane and ethane activation without adding oxygen: promotional effect of W in Mo-W/HZSM-5. Catal Lett 38, 39–43 (1996). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00806897

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Keywords

  • acid-assisted heterolytic splitting of methane
  • Mo/HZSM-5
  • W/HZSM-5
  • Mo-W/HZSM-5
  • promotional effect of tungsten