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Amino Acids

, Volume 3, Issue 3, pp 271–286 | Cite as

Absorption of amino acids from the human mouth

  • J. V. Vadgama
  • D. F. Evered
Article
  • 115 Downloads

Summary

Certain amino acids were transported across buccal mucosa in vivo by a carrier-mediated process. Metabolic loss of L-amino acids from the mouth in a 5 min test period was negligible. The buccal mucosal transport process was stereospecific for most L-amino acids tested. The uptake of L-methionine and L-leucine showed a tendency to saturation with increasing substrate concentration. The absorption of L-leucine, L-isoleucine and L-methionine as single amino acids was inhibited in the presence of each other suggesting at least one common transport mechanism. Administration of equimolar amounts of amino acids revealed a specific pattern of absorption that could be classified into fast, intermediate, and slow groups. Absorption of some amino acids was at least partly dependent on the presence of sodium ions in the luminal solution. In conclusion, our studies demonstrate that the human buccal mucosa is permeable to L-amino acids in a selective manner, and may resemble absorption pattern similar to other locations of the gastrointestinal tract.

Keywords

Amino acids Absorption Mouth Buccal mucosa 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. V. Vadgama
    • 1
    • 3
  • D. F. Evered
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Medical Genetics, Department of PediatricsUCLA School of MedicineTorranceUSA
  2. 2.Department of BiochemistryKQC University of LondonU.K.
  3. 3.Division of Medical Genetics, Bldg. E4Harbor-UCLA Medical CenterTorranceUSA

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