Pediatric Cardiology

, Volume 15, Issue 4, pp 170–177 | Cite as

Maximal hemodynamic response after the Fontan procedure: Doppler evaluation during the treadmill test

  • R. G. S. Cortes
  • G. Satomi
  • M. Yoshigi
  • K. Momma
Original Articles

Summary

After undergoing the Fontan procedure for congenital heart disease, 16 young patients performed a maximal treadmill test according to the Bruce protocol. The peak velocity of the blood flow in the ascending aorta, stroke index, and cardiac index were measured by continuous-wave Doppler echocardiography at rest and at each stage of the test. The results were compared with those from 18 normal children. The body surface area was similar in the two groups. The endurance time was 37% shorter in the Fontan group than in the control group. From the beginning of exercise until the sixth minute, the increase in stroke index was lower in the Fontan group (NS). After that point, the stroke index was maintained at a high level in the control group but decreased toward its original level in the Fontan group. The response of cardiac index to exercise in the two groups was comparable until the sixth minute, after which the Fontan group failed to maintain an ascending curve. All the hemodynamic values were significantly higher in the control group at maximal exercise; at this point the cardiac index had increased 79% in the Fontan group and 170% in the control group. The subnormal response of the stroke volume at submaximal exercise and the subsequent decrease at maximal exercise following the Fontan procedure are important hemodynamic findings.

Key Words

Cardiac index Continuous-wave Doppler Fontan procedure Maximal exercise capacity Stroke index Treadmill exercise test 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. G. S. Cortes
    • 2
  • G. Satomi
    • 1
  • M. Yoshigi
    • 1
  • K. Momma
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pediatric Cardiology, The Heart Institute of JapanTokyo Women's Medical CollegeTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Division of CardiologyNagano Children's HospitalNaganoJapan

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