Pediatric Cardiology

, Volume 14, Issue 2, pp 102–106 | Cite as

Congestive heart failure in neonates due to intracranial arteriovenous malformation: Endovascular treatment

  • Michael E. McConnell
  • Patricia Aronin
  • Jiri J. Vitek
Case Reports


Newborns with intracranial arteriovenous malformations and congestive heart failure have an extremely poor prognosis. This report describes two infants with intracranial arteriovenous malformations and severe congestive heart failure successfully treated in the newborn period with endovascular embolization. Both infants had immediate improvement in symptoms and both had second embolization procedures performed. Ventriculoperitoneal shunting was necessary in both children because of progressive hydrocephalus. At follow-up of more than 4 years, neither patient has any sign of congestive heart failure, and one is developmentally normal.

Key Words

Congestive heart failure Intracranial arteriovenous malformations Neonates 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael E. McConnell
    • 1
  • Patricia Aronin
    • 2
  • Jiri J. Vitek
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PediatricsThe University of Alabama at BirminghamBirminghamUSA
  2. 2.Department of NeurosurgeryThe University of Alabama at BirminghamBirminghamUSA
  3. 3.Department of RadiologyThe University of Alabama at BirminghamBirminghamUSA

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