Advertisement

Subclinical depression and performance at work

  • J. K. Martin
  • T. C. Blum
  • S. R. H. Beach
  • P. M. Roman
Original Paper
  • 225 Downloads

Abstract

The relationship between subclinical depression and the fulfillment of important work roles is the focus of this study. The analysis controls for social processes (i.e., interpersonal stress) that may precede the development of depressive symptomatology and potential depressive distortion associated with selfreport of symptoms and performance. Using interview data collected from 265 community-dwelling adults, multiple regression analyses indicated that depressive symptomatology was significantly related to externally rated performance at work. This relationship was independent of other important social influences of interpersonal stress attributed to coworkers, spouses and others, and job stress related to dissatisfying work. Subclinical depression thus appeared related to decrements in job performance. Further, this effect was not entirely due to other social influences not measured in previous studies or to the problem of depressive mood affecting the direction of self-report measures.

Keywords

Public Health Regression Analysis Multiple Regression Analysis Depressive Mood Social Process 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Paykel ES, Weissman MM (1973) Social adjustment and depression: a longitudinal study. Arch Gen Psychiatry 28: 659–663Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Blumenthal MD, Dielman TE (1975) Depressive symptomatology and role function in a general population, Arch Gen Psychiatry 32: 985–991Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mintz J, Mintz LI, Arruda MJ, Hwang MS (1992) Treatments of depression and the functional capacity to work. Arch Gen Psychiatry 49: 761–68Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wells KB, Stewart A, Hays RD, Burnam MA, Rogers W, Daniels M, Berry S, Greenfield S, Ware J (1989) The functioning and well-being of depressed patients: results from the Medical Outcomes Study. JAMA 262: 914–19Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wells KB, Burnam MA, Rogers W, Hays R, Camp P (1992) The course of depression in adult outpatients: results from the Medical Outcomes Study. Arch Gen Psychiatry 49: 788–794Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ornel J, Von Korff M, Van Den Bink W, Katon W, Brilman E, Oldehinkel T (1993) Depression, anxiety, and social disability show synchrony of change in primary care patients. Am. J Public Health 83: 385–390Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Broadhead EW, Blazer DG, George LK, Kit Tse C (1990) Depression, disability days, and days lost from work in a prospective epidemiologic survey. JAMA 264: 2524–2528Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Weissman MM, Bruce ML, Leaf PJ, Florio LP, Holzer JC (1991) Affective disorders. In: Robins LN, Reiger DA (eds) Psychiatric disorders in America: the Epidemiological Catchment Area Study. Free Press New York, pp 53–80Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Wilson RW, Drury TF (1984) Interpreting trends in illness and disability: health statistics and health status. Annu. Rev. Public Health 15: 83–106Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Stoudemire A, Frank R, Hedemark N, Kamlet M, Blazer D (1986) The economic burden of depression. Gen Hosp Psychiatry 8: 387–394Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Beach SRH, Martin JK, Blum TC, Roman PM (1993) Subclinical depression and role fulfillment in domestic settings: spurious relationships, imagined problems, or real effects. J Psychopathology Behav Assess 15: 113–128Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kandel DB, Davies M, Reveis VH (1985) The stressfulness of daily social roles for women: martial, occupational, and household roles. J. Health Soc Behav 26: 64–78Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Cleary PD, Mechanic D (1983) Sex differences in psychological distress among married people. J Health Soc Behav 24: 111–121Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Porter LW, Lawler EE (1968) Managerial attitudes and performance. Irwin Homewood, Ill.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Blaney PH (1988) Affect and memory: a review. Psychol Bull 99: 229–46Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Bowe4 GH (1981) Mood and memory. Am Psychol 36: 129–48Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Gotlib IH (1983) Perception and recall of interpersonal feedback: negative bias in depression. Cognitive Ther Res 7: 399–412Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Watson D, Pennebaker JW (1989) Health complaints, stress, and distress: exploring the central role of negative affectivity. Psychol Rev 96: 234–254Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Caplan RD, Abbey A, Abramis DJ, Andrews FM, Conway TL, French JRP (1984) Tranquilizer use and well-being: a longitudinal study of social and psychological effects. Institute for Social Research. Ann Arbor.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Derogatis LR, Lipman RS, Rickels K, Uhlenhuth EH, Covey L (1974) The Hopkins Symptoms Checklist (HSCL): a measure of primary symptom dimensions. In: Pichot P (ed) Psychological measurements in psychopharmacology: modern problems in pharmacopsychiatry, vol 7, Karger, Basel, Switzerland, 79–110Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Beach SRH, O'Leary KD (1992) Treating depression in the context of marital discord: outcome and predictors of response for marital therapy versus cognitive therapy. Behav Ther 23: 507–528Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Jacobson NS, Dobson K, Fruzetti AE, Schmalling KB, Salusky S (1991) Marital therapy as a treatment for depression, J Consult Clin Psychol 59: 547–557Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Foley SH, Rounsaville BJ, Welssman MM, Sholomaskas D, Chevron E (1989) Individual versus conjoint Interpersonal therapy for depressed patients with marital disputes Int J Fam Psychiatry 10: 29–42Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. K. Martin
    • 1
    • 2
  • T. C. Blum
    • 3
  • S. R. H. Beach
    • 4
  • P. M. Roman
    • 5
  1. 1.Institute for Behavioral ResearchUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA
  2. 2.Survey Research Center and Department of SociologyUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA
  3. 3.Ivan Allen College of Management, Policy and International AffairsGeorgia Institute of TechnologyAtlantaUSA
  4. 4.Department of Psychology and Institute for Behavioral ResearchUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA
  5. 5.Department of Sociology and Institute for Behavioral ResearchUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA

Personalised recommendations