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Evaluating the diagnostic criteria for panic disorder: measures of social morbidity as criteria

  • A. C. Leon
  • G. L. Klerman
  • M. M. Weissman
  • A. J. Fyer
  • J. Johnson
Article

Summary

Over 9% of the subjects in the NIMH Epidemiologic Catchment Area sample reported a history of at least one panic attack, yet only 1.5% of the sample met DSM-III criteria for panic disorder. In light of the revisions of these criteria for DSM-IV, two of those diagnostic criteria, frequency of panic attacks and number of symptoms during a panicattack, are examined in this paper. We evaluated the relationship between those criteria and each of three measures of social morbidity: psychiatric hospitalization, emergency room (ER) use for emotional problems, and suicide attempts. Although only symptom count was significantly associated with either ER use or suicide attempts, both diagnostic criteria were associated with psychiatric hospitalization. The threshold for symptom count was also considered and while three appeard to have slightly better sensitivity and specificity, the continued use of four symptoms seemed acceptable. The diagnostic and clinical implications of the findings are considered.

Keywords

Public Health Catchment Area Emergency Room Clinical Implication Suicide Attempt 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. C. Leon
    • 1
  • G. L. Klerman
    • 1
  • M. M. Weissman
    • 2
  • A. J. Fyer
    • 2
  • J. Johnson
    • 2
  1. 1.Payne Whitney ClinicCornell University Medical CollegeNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.New York State Psychiatric InstituteColumbia University College of Physicians and SurgeonsUSA

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