The biological role of uranium in the mammalian body
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Uranium nitrate injected subcutaneously into rabbits in the dose of 0.1 mg/kg of body weight for a period of 30 days causes a considerable depression of the ability of the thyroid gland to include radioiodine administered to the animal. The gland is enlarged and the changes in the parenchyma histologically resemble those seen in goiter.
A similar histological picture was observed in rats; the latter are much less sensitive to uranium salts than rabbits. Thus, uranium nitrate (uranyl) is a natural powerful inhibitor of the thyroid gland, and may be one of its natural goiterogenic factors.
KeywordsPublic Health Nitrate Body Weight Uranium Uranyl
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