The prevalence of PSE-CATEGO disorders in a Finnish adult population cohort

  • V. Lehtinen
  • T. Lindholm
  • J. Veijola
  • E. Väisänen


A normal Finnish population cohort, originally aged 15–64 years, has been followed psychiatrically for 16 years. In the 16-year follow-up, 742 of the original sample of 1000 persons could be contacted and personally examined i. a. by means of the full 140-item version of the PSE. The age-adjusted prevalence of mental disorders in the population aged 30–80 years was 9.9% (6.9% in men and 12.4% in women). The prevalence of psychotic conditions was exeptionally high in comparison to other studies, 2.7%. The occurrence of mental disorders was associated with marital status and social class in men but not in women. Other factors examined, namely age, education, occupational category and experience of unemployment during the follow-up period, were not associated with the occurrence of mental disorders. The results are compared with the results from other studies using the same case finding method.


Public Health Mental Disorder Marital Status Adult Population Social Class 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Bebbington P, Hurry J, Sturt E, Wing JK (1981) Epidemiological study of mental disorders in Camberwell. Psychol Med 11: 561–579Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Eaton WW, Kessler (eds) (1985) Epidemiologic field methods in psychiatric epidemiology: the NIMH Epidemiologic Catchment Area program. Academic Press, OrlandoGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Henderson S, Duncan-Jones P, Byrne DG, Scott R, Adcock S (1979) Psychiatric disorder in Canberra. A standardised study of prevalence. Acta Psychiatr Scand 60: 355–374Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hodiamont P, Peer N, Sybern N (1987) Epidemiological aspects of psychiatric disorder in a Dutch health area. Psychol Med 17: 495–505Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lehtinen V, Joukamaa M (1987) Mental disorders in a sample representative of the whole Finnish adult population. In: Cooper B (ed) Psychiatric epidemiology, progress and prospects. Croom Helm, London, pp 43–54Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lehtinen V, Väisänen E (1981) Epidemiology of psychiatric disorders in Finland. A five-year follow-up. Soc Psychiatry 16: 171–180Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Medianos M, Vlachonicolis J, Madianou D, Stefanis C (1985) Prevalence of psychiatic disorders in the Athens area. Acta Psychiatr Scand 71: 479–487Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Mavreas VG, Bebbington PE (1987) Psychiatric morbidity in London's Greek-Cypriot immigrant community. I. Associations with sociodemographic variables. Soc Psychiatry 22: 150–159Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Mavreas VG, Beis A, Mouyias A, Rigoni F, Lyketsos GC (1986) Prevalence of psychiatric disorders in Athens. A community study. Soc Psychiatry 21: 172–181Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Orley J, Wing JK (1979) Psychiatric disorders in two African villages. Arch Gen Psychiatry 36: 513–520Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Pakaslahti A (1986) Principles and practices in diagnosing schizophrenia. Publications of the Social Insurance Institution ML: 57. Helsinki, FinlandGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Regier DA, Boyd JH, Burke JD, Rae DS, Myers JK, Kramer M, Robins LN, George LK, Karno M Locke BZ (1986) One-month prevalence of mental disorders in the United States. Based on five Epidemiologic Catchment Area sites. Arch Gen Psychiatry 45: 977–986Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Robins LN, Helzer JE, Croughan J, Ratcliff KS (1981) National Institute of Mental Health Diagnostic Interview Schedure. Its history, characteristics, and validity. Arch Gen Psychiatry 38: 381–389Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Surtees PG, Dean C, Ingham JG, Kreitman NB, Miller PMcP, Sashidaran SP (1983) Psychiatric disorder in women from an Edinburgh community: associations with demographic factors. Br J Psychiatry 142: 238–246Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Väisänen E (1975) Psychiatric disorders in Finland. Acta Psychiatr Scand 263 [Suppl]: 22–33Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Vazquez-Barquero JL, Diez-Manrique JF, Pena C, Aldama J, Samaniego Rodriguez C, Menendez Arango J, Mirapeix C (1987) A community mental health survey in Cantabria: a general description of morbidity. Psychol Med 17: 227–241Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Walsh D, O'Hare, A, Blake B et al. (1980) The treated prevalence of mental illness in the Republic of Ireland: The Three County Case Register Study. Psychol Med 10: 465–470Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Wing JK (1980) The use of the Present State Examination in general population surveys. Acta Psychiatr Scand 285 [Suppl 62]: 230–240Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Wing JK, Cooper JE, Sartorius N (1974) Measurement and classification of psychiatric symptoms. An instruction manual for the PSE and CATEGO program. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Wing JK, Mann SA, Leff JP, Nixon JM (1978) The concept of a ‘case’ in psychiatric population surveys. Psychol Med 8: 203–217Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. Lehtinen
    • 1
    • 2
  • T. Lindholm
    • 1
  • J. Veijola
    • 1
  • E. Väisänen
    • 3
  1. 1.The Rehabilitation Research Centre of the Social Insurance InstitutionTurkuFinland
  2. 2.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of TurkuTurkuFinland
  3. 3.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of OuluOuluFinland

Personalised recommendations