Journal of comparative physiology

, Volume 145, Issue 1, pp 127–132 | Cite as

Standard metabolic rate and thermoregulation of five species of Mongolian small mammals

  • January Weiner
  • Andrzej Górecki


Oxygen consumption was measured over a range of ambient temperatures in 5 species of Mongolian small mammals:Microtus brandti, Alticola argentatus, Phodopus sungorus, Meriones unguiculatus, andOchotoma daurica (Tables 1 and 2). The measurements were made in the field, the animals being adjusted to natural environmental conditions. All the species studied coexist in the same arid steppe ecosystem. A variety of climatic adaptations was found.


Oxygen Ambient Temperature Oxygen Consumption Human Physiology Metabolic Rate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



basal metabolic rate


ambient temperature


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Adamson K, Blumberg E, Joelson I (1969) The effect of ambient temperature upon post-natal changes in oxygen consumption of the Guinea pig. J Physiol (Lond) 202:261–299Google Scholar
  2. Bradley WG, Yousef MK (1972) Small mammals in the desert. In: Yousef MK, Horvath SM, Bullard RW (eds) Physiological adaptations: desert and mountains. Academic Press, New York, pp 127–142Google Scholar
  3. Calder WA, King JR (1974) Thermal and caloric relations of birds. In: Farner DS, King JR (eds) Avian biology, vol 4. Academic Press, New York London, pp 259–413Google Scholar
  4. Chaffee RRJ, Roberts JC (1971) Temperature acclimation in birds and mammals. Ann Rev Physiol 33:155–202Google Scholar
  5. Dawson WR (1955) The relation of oxygen consumption to temperature in desert rodents. J Mammal 36:543–553Google Scholar
  6. Figala J, Hoffmann K, Goldau K (1973) Zur Jahresperiodik beim Dsungarischen ZwerghamsterPhodopus sungorus Pallas. Oecologia 12:89–118Google Scholar
  7. Górecki A (1975) Kalabukhov-Skvortzov respirometer and resting metabolic rate measurement. In: Grodziński W, Klekowski RZ, Duncan A (eds) Methods of ecological bioenergetics. Blackwell, Oxford London Edinburgh Melbourne, pp 310–314Google Scholar
  8. Hart JS (1971) Rodents. In: Whitow GC (ed) Comparative physiology of thermoregulation, vol 2. Academic Press, New York LondonGoogle Scholar
  9. Heldmaier G (1975) Metabolic and thermoregulatory responses to heat and cold in the Djungarian hamster,Phodopus sungorus. J Comp Physiol 102:115–122Google Scholar
  10. Herberg L, Buchanan KD, Herbertz LM, Kern HF, Kley HK (1980) The Djungarian hamster, a laboratory animal with inappropriate hypoglycaemia. Comp Biochem Physiol [A] 65:35–60Google Scholar
  11. Herreid CFII, Kessel B (1967) Thermal conductance in birds and mammals. Comp Biochem Physiol 21:405–414Google Scholar
  12. Hooper ET, El Hilahi M (1972) Temperature regulation and habits in two species of jerboa, genusJaculus. J Mammal 53:574–593Google Scholar
  13. Klimek K, Tserensodnom Z (1977) The general physical-geographical characteristics of the western part of the Central Chalcha Plains and the research outline of the scientific station Gurwan Turuu. Rap Mong Pol Exp 1977:198–200 (in Polish)Google Scholar
  14. Kowanetz L, Olecki Z (1980) An attempt of the evaluation of the climatic conditions in the steppe zone in Mongolia. Zesz Nauk UJ, Pr Geogr 50:34–78 (In Polish with English summary)Google Scholar
  15. Luebbert SJ, McGregor LE, Roberts JC (1979) Temperature acclimation in the Mongolian gerbilMeriones unguiculatus: changes in metabolic rate and the response to norepinephrine. Comp Biochem Physiol [A] 63:169–175Google Scholar
  16. McArthur RA, Wang LCH (1973) Physiology of thermoregulation in the pika,Ochotoma princeps. Can J Zool 51:11–15Google Scholar
  17. Martin RA, Fiorentini M, Connors F (1980) Social facilitation of reduced oxygen consumption inMus musculus andMeriones unguiculatus. Comp Biochem Physiol [A] 65:519–522Google Scholar
  18. McManus JJ, Mele JA (1969) Temperature regulation in the Mongolian gerbil,Meriones unguiculatus. N J Acad Sci Bull 14:21–22Google Scholar
  19. McNab BK (1968) The influence of fat deposits on the basal rate of metabolism in desert homeotherms. Comp Biochem Physiol 26:337–343Google Scholar
  20. Mele JA (1972) Temperature regulation and bioenergetics of the Mongolian gerbilMeriones unguiculatus. Am Midl Nat 87:272–282Google Scholar
  21. Obidina VA (1972) O zimnim rozmnaženiiAlticola argentatus. v prirodnych uslovijach. Ekologija 6:95–96Google Scholar
  22. Pokrovski AV, Bolshakov VN (1968) Natural and potential fertility of two species of high mountain voles. Acta Theriol 13:117–128Google Scholar
  23. Robinson PF (1959) Metabolism of the Gerbil,Meriones unguiculatus. Science 130:502–503Google Scholar
  24. Scholander PF, Hock R, Walters V, Johnson F, Irving L (1950a) Heat regulation in some arctic and tropical mammals and birds. Biol Bull 99:237–258Google Scholar
  25. Scholander PF, Hock R, Walters V, Irving L (1950b) Adaptation to cold in arctic and tropical mammals and birds in relation to body temperature, insulation, and basal metabolic rate. Biol Bull 99:259–271Google Scholar
  26. Schwentker V (1964) The gerbil. The Oklahoma veterinarian. 74:1–17Google Scholar
  27. Wang LCH, Jones DL, MacArthur RA, Fuller WA (1973) Adaptation to cold: energy metabolism in an atypical lagomorph, the arctic hareLepus arcticus. Can J Zool 51:841–845Google Scholar
  28. Weiner J, Górecki A (1982) Small mammals and their habitats in the arid steppe of Central Eastern Mongolia. Pol Ecol Stud 8 (in press)Google Scholar
  29. Weiner J, Grodziński W, Górecki A, Perzanowski K (1982a) Standing crop and above ground production of vegetation in arid steppe with Caragana. Pol Ecol Stud 8 (in press)Google Scholar
  30. Weiner J, Górecki A, Zieliński J (1982b) The role of small mammals in arid steppe ecosystem of Eastern Mongolia. Pol Ecol Stud 8 (in press)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • January Weiner
    • 1
  • Andrzej Górecki
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Animal EcologyJagiellonian UniversityKrakówPoland

Personalised recommendations