Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine

, Volume 45, Issue 4, pp 414–419 | Cite as

The reflex to “time” in the artificial electrodefensive reactions of dogs

  • G. I. Shirkova
Physiology
  • 8 Downloads

Summary

Experimental investigation of reflex to the time of presentation of defensive signal stimuli (sound and light) was carried out by V.P. Petropavlovskii's method. Experiments were performed on 5 dogs over a period of 3 years. It was established that the reflex to “time” was revealed at first in the voval and respiratory components and only then in the motor component of the conditioned reaction (the raising of the right forepaw).

In the absence of a definite sequence of signal stimulations, but with fixed intervals between them, the conditioned reflex to the time of their presentation appeared irrespective of the position of the stimuli in the experiment. With fixed sequence of the positive and inhibitory stimuli the reflex to “time” appeared only before the positive stimuli.

It was established that not only the time of presentation of the stimulus had a signal action, but also time of the reinforcement (current) acted as a signal.

Keywords

Public Health Experimental Investigation Signal Action Conditioned Reaction Fixed Interval 

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Copyright information

© Consultants Bureau, Inc. 1958

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. I. Shirkova
    • 1
  1. 1.The Institute of Higher Nervous ActivityAcad. Sci. USSRMoscow

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