Influence of skin temperature distribution on thermal sensation in a cool environment

  • Ruth Nielsen
  • Bodil Nielsen


Thermal sensation and distribution of skin temperatures in persons exercising at 36.5 W on a bicycle ergometer and resting in a cool environment (10‡ C) in two different clothings, one with the insulation mainly over the trunk (1.22 clo), and one with well insulated limbs (1.67 clo), were studied. Their general thermal sensations varied from slightly warm to slightly cool. The placing of the insulation had a decisive influence on skin temperature distribution, so that skin temperature was always high in well-insulated areas. When the insulation was placed over the limbs, a greater amount of heat was lost than if a similar insulation was placed on the trunk. Neither\(\bar T_{sk}\) nor skin temperature distribution correlated with general thermal sensation. Instead, mean body temperature seemed to be the determinant of general thermal sensation in these conditions. The best prediction of general thermal sensation was obtained by addingT re with a weighting factor of 0.8–0.9 and\(\bar T_{sk}\) with a weighting factor of 0.1–0.2.

Key words

Thermal sensation Cool conditions Clothed persons Skin temperature Mean body temperature 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ruth Nielsen
    • 1
  • Bodil Nielsen
    • 1
  1. 1.August Krogh InstituteUniversity of CopenhagenCopenhagen ØDenmark

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